Certificate of Achievement

Mary Templeman Hogg - O'Rourke

has completed the following course:

Policing and Protest in Manchester: The Moss Side Riots

Manchester Grammar School

This online course covered the background, events and legacy of the Moss Side Riots in 1981, and explored key contemporary issues of policing and racism. Social Contract Theory was used to provide a theoretical framework to evaluate the legitimacy of civil disobedience in modern society.

6 weeks, 2 hours per week


Ashley Hern

Head of History

The Manchester Grammar School

Dan Lacey

Deputy Head (Teaching and Learning)

The Manchester Grammar School


Learning outcomes

  • Assess the relevance of Social Contract Theory in modern Britain
  • Explain what life was really like in Moss Side at the time of the riots
  • Identify the short and long term causes of the violence
  • Identify similarities and differences between the Moss Side Riot and other disturbances in 1981, such as in Brixton and Toxteth
  • Engage with how Britain reacted to the Moss Side Riots, including in the media and Parliament
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of civil disobedience as a method of protest
  • Describe what happened during the Moss Side Riot in 1981


  • An introduction to the Moss Side Riots
  • What was Moss Side really like in 1981?
  • What were the causes of the Moss Side Riots?
  • How did politicians and the media react to the riots?
  • Reports and recommendations
  • What, if anything, did the rioters achieve?

Issued on 29th July 2021

The person named on this certificate has completed the activities in the transcript above. For more information about Certificates of Achievement and the effort required to become eligible, visit futurelearn.com/proof-of-learning/certificate-of-achievement.

This certificate represents proof of learning. It is not a formal qualification, degree, or part of a degree.

Free online course:

Policing and Protest in Manchester: The Moss Side Riots

Manchester Grammar School