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Certificate of Achievement

Randal Oulton

has completed the following course:

Radical Spirituality: the Early History of the Quakers

Lancaster University and Woodbrooke Quaker Study Centre

This course studies the beginnings of the Quaker movement in 1652 focusing on three critical locations - Pendle Hill, Firbank Fell and Swarthmoor Hall in the northwest of England. It looks at how each place marked a distinct moment in the birth of the movement: vision, realisation and consolidation.

3 weeks, 3 hours per week

Ben Pink Dandelion

Professor of Quaker Studies

Lancaster University


Learning outcomes

  • Develop an understanding of the civil war context of the beginnings of Quakerism
  • Engage with the key ideas of George Fox and the early Quakers
  • Explore the mode and content of early Quaker writing
  • Reflect on the consequences of key Quaker theological ideas
  • Assess the importance of the location of the beginnings of Quakerism
  • Develop an understanding of Quaker history after 1652


  • The context of the English Civil War
  • The religious ideas of George Fox and other early Quakers
  • The importance of Fox’s Pendle Hill Experience
  • The role of travel in the start of the Quaker movement
  • Fox’s sojourn in Sedbergh
  • The interiorised nature of Quaker spirituality
  • The popularity and unpopularity of Quakerism
  • Margaret Fell’s role in early Quakerism
  • Quaker history post 1652
  • Quakerism as a global faith

Issued on 11th May 2021

The person named on this certificate has completed the activities in the transcript above. For more information about Certificates of Achievement and the effort required to become eligible, visit

This certificate represents proof of learning. It is not a formal qualification, degree, or part of a degree.

Free online course:

Radical Spirituality: the Early History of the Quakers

Lancaster University