Certificate of Achievement

Walter William Melnyk

has completed the following course:

The Holocaust: an Introduction - Part 2

Tel Aviv University and Yad Vashem

This course explored the history of the Holocaust, and focused on the time period between Operation Barbarossa and the end of World War II, including the liberation of Europe. Among the issues that were discussed are the development of the decision to murder all Jews, the existence of various killing sites, killing methods, questions of knowledge of the murders, various reactions to it and the end of the war. Learners were also introduced to the historian’s work and various historical sources.

3 weeks, 3 hours per week


Havi Dreifuss

Professor, Historian of the Holocaust in Eastern Europe

Tel Aviv University

overall score


Learning outcomes

  • Assess historical documents and their various uses with a critical eye, including the point of view expressed in historical sources, and the limit of what can be learned from them.
  • Explore the way historians collect, evaluate and shape historical sources into historical narratives and facts.
  • Reflect on the importance of Jewish documentation.
  • Identify one’s responsibility in a world full of knowledge that is being modified and mediated, and the importance of critical thinking.
  • Investigate how the Holocaust was humanly possible.
  • Explain the way knowledge of the murders influenced reactions to it.
  • Explore the limited reactions available to Jews: “Choiceless Choices”.
  • Identify the wide range of actions that were available to perpetrators, as well as the different possibilities that stood before those who witnessed the mass murder.
  • Describe reactions of Jews and non-Jews in the “Free World”.
  • Explain the interaction between the higher ranks and grassroots that ultimately led to the development and implantations of the “Final Solution to the ‘Jewish Question’”.
  • Describe types of camps that were established under Nazi rule, and different killing methods.
  • Discuss the liberation of Europe and its meaning for the victims.
  • Debate the burden of remembrance, as well as commemoration efforts and the various influences the Holocaust has on our lives today.
  • Discuss the Holocaust within the wider contexts of Jewish History, European History, and genocide.


  • Early solutions to the so-called “Jewish Problem”.
  • The decision upon the “Final Solution”.
  • Various killing sites and Nazi camps.
  • The universe of the camps through the eyes of the victims.
  • What and when was known about the murder in various parts of occupied Europe and the free world.
  • How did the knowledge of the murders influence reactions by Jews and non-Jews, and what were those reactions.
  • Who were the perpetrators, and how their killing operation was made possible.
  • The end of the war and the drive to continue the murder operation.
  • Liberation and its meaning to the victims.
  • The Holocaust and its effects on, and appearances in our daily lives.

Issued on 2nd July 2017

The person named on this certificate has completed the activities in the transcript above. For more information about Certificates of Achievement and the effort required to become eligible, visit futurelearn.com/proof-of-learning/certificate-of-achievement.

This certificate represents proof of learning. It is not a formal qualification, degree, or part of a degree.

Free online course:

The Holocaust: an Introduction - Part 2

Tel Aviv University