This learner has completed ID verification. Find out more.

Certificate of Achievement

Oana Gharbi

has completed the following course:

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT): An Introduction for Healthcare Professionals

St George's, University of London

This online course explores the development, technology, and ethical and legal considerations of Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT). This course covers topics including the fundamentals of genetics, the use of Cell-free DNA, the screening pathway, patient selection and test performance, contraindications and limitations, information and communication, decision making and future considerations of NIPT.

3 weeks, 2 hours per week


Jo Hargrave

NIPT Senior Midwife Co-ordinator

St George's, University of London

Basky Thilaganathan

Director of Fetal Medicine

St George's, University of London


Learning outcomes

  • Describe cell division and how it can lead to Patau’s, Edwards’ and Down’s syndrome
  • Apply basic genetic knowledge to understand NIPT screening in pregnancy
  • Describe the different technologies currently available for NIPT
  • Describe how an NIPT trisomy risk is calculated
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the current NHS screening pathways in the UK
  • Discuss the limitations of NIPT testing, and where NIPT may not be an appropriate screening choice
  • Explain the potential causes of a false positive, false negative and a no-call result
  • Discuss importance of informed choice, and what can influence decision making
  • Explore the challenges of language, terminology and communication in the healthcare setting
  • Debate the social and ethical implications that are presented by availability of NIPT
  • Reflect on the potential risks and benefits of future developments for NIPT


  • Overview of genetics: The fundamentals that underpin genomics

  • NIPT: The discovery of fetal cell free DNA

  • Developments of the scientific technology behind NIPT

  • Clinical implementation and limitations of NIPT

  • Information provision, communication and individualised choice

  • Social and ethical implications of screening

  • Current concerns and future developments of NIPT

Issued on 31st May 2020

The person named on this certificate has completed the activities in the transcript above. For more information about Certificates of Achievement and the effort required to become eligible, visit

This learner has verified their identity. For more information about how FutureLearn verifies identities, visit The certificate and transcript do not imply the award of credit or the conferment of a qualification from St George's, University of London.

Free online course:

Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT): An Introduction for Healthcare Professionals

St George's, University of London