You may find that in this course we use terminology that you are unfamiliar with. This is why we have created this glossary of terms used in the course.
If you think that there are any terms missing from this glossary that might be useful to fellow learners, please let us know in the comments.
Bascinet - a type of helmet
Bombard - a large type of gun designed for siege warfare
Depose - to remove a person from high office
Gauntlets - armoured gloves
Gorget - neck armour
Greaves - shin armour
Hauberk - a long mail shirt
Homage - To acknowledge a person’s authority and to promise to show that person respect and loyalty e.g. Edward III gave homage to Philip VI
Indenture - a contract (to provide troops)
Melee - a fight. This word comes from French and implies chaos and confusion in a close fight. It is often used to describe weapons used in close fighting e.g. ‘melee weapons’.
Muster - an assembly of soldiers for inspection and roll call
Muster roll - a document which lists the names of groups of men ready and prepared to fight in a battle campaign. Men were usually mustered and recorded under the name of each commander.
Pairs of plates - cloth armour with riveted plates inside
Poleaxe - a weapon on a wooden shaft incorporating an axe or hammer head
Poleyns - knee armour
primary source - a term historians use for original documents or materials written at the time of the events that they describe
Rerebrace - upper arm armour
Retinue - a group of soldiers in the service of a more senior individual e.g. in this course, we talk about the retinue of Sir Thomas Erpingham
Sabaton - foot armour
Sallet - a type of helmet
Secondary source - a term historians use for documents or materials which are written after the events they describe. Secondary sources are often based on primary sources and other sources for their information.
Usurp - to take power (e.g. the crown) by force or illegally e.g. Henry usurped the throne.
vanguard - the advance guard or formation of an army
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