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Skip to 0 minutes and 0 secondsSo, really, it's about planning your reflection, isn't it? You plan what you're going to focus on in terms of reflection, not just what you're going to teach, but what you're going to reflect on. Yes. When I was in college when I started to train as a teacher, we had a guru in the 1970s-- for me was someone called Schon-- who actually talked about two sorts of reflection, reflection in practice-- so that's the sort of thing you do when you're actually there in the classroom. It's almost intuitive. It comes from the inside, but then also reflection on practice. What have I done today? What am I going to change tomorrow because of what happened today?

Skip to 0 minutes and 48 secondsBut how do you know what happened? Oh, John, how do I know what happened? I'm putting you on the spot. [LAUGHTER] You are. But for me, the hardest thing for me to do is observe what's happening in the classroom because if you've got a lot of children the classroom actually observing what's happening, what learning is going on, and how you need to shift or nuance or recalibrate your instruction or your education, whatever we want to call it, that's very tricky. So constantly I seem to be looking, listening, just checking out what every child is doing, if possible. And then, you can say at the end, did I do that well? Would I need to change that differently?

Skip to 1 minute and 33 secondsWas there somebody on my right hand side who wasn't listening to anything I said or did I take too long or something? So that reflection, really, like you're saying, is a skill in that you have to say, what is it that I'm going to focus on in my lesson or whatever I'm doing and then how can I gauge how well I've achieved that? And that takes skill and it also takes something like the model from within this week, for example, and a way of developing that. So the first time may not be so good, second time you start to see different things.

Effective reflection

Reflection is a skill – and like any other skill, it takes practice and time to do it well. In this video Deepali, Kim and John talk about how important it is to plan, focus and be deliberate about reflection.

Kim talks about reflection in practice and reflection on practice and John suggests that it’s not always easy to do either of these.

How often do you reflect on your teaching practice?

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This video is from the free online course:

Becoming a Better Teacher: Exploring Professional Development

British Council