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The core of RHadoop consists of rhdfs, rmr2 and plyrmr libraries
The core of RHadoop consists of rhdfs, rmr2 and plyrmr libraries

RHadoop libraries rhdfs, rmr2 and plyrmr

There are several RHadoop packages that we have to use in order to be able to connect R and Hadoop. Here we give a dense presentation of rhdfs, rmr2 and plyrmr together with available commands. Note that within this MOOC we demonstrate only few of those commands.


The library package rhdfs provides commands for file manipulation in terms of reading, writing and moving files. Namely, R is a programming language that offers data processing. The data themselves are stored in files in the Hadoop filesystem. The following commands are part of the rhdfs package:

  • File Manipulations
  • hdfs.copy, hdfs.move, hdfs.rename, hdfs.delete, hdfs.rm, hdfs.del, hdfs.chown, hdfs.put, hdfs.get

  • File Read/Write
  • hdfs.file, hdfs.write, hdfs.close, hdfs.flush, hdfs.read, hdfs.seek, hdfs.tell, hdfs.line.reader, hdfs.read.text.file

  • Directory
  • hdfs.dircreate, hdfs.mkdir

  • Utility
  • hdfs.ls, hdfs.list.files, hdfs.file.info, hdfs.exists

  • Initialization
  • hdfs.init, hdfs.defaults


    The rmr2 package allows the Hadoop MapReduce facility to be used inside the R environment. The package documentation lists the following commands:

  • The big-data object
  • big.data.object

  • Backend-independent file manipulation
  • dfs.empty

  • Equijoins using map-reduce
  • equijoin

  • Read or write `R` objects from or to the file system
  • from.dfs

  • Important Hadoop settings in relation to rmr2
  • hadoop.settings

  • Create, project or concatenate key-value pairs
  • keyval

  • Create combinations of settings for flexible IO
  • make.input.format

  • MapReduce using Hadoop Streaming
  • mapreduce

  • Function to set and get package options
  • rmr.options

  • Sample large data sets
  • rmr.sample

  • Print a variable's content
  • rmr.str

  • Functions to split a file over several parts or to merge multiple parts into one
  • scatter

  • Set the status and define and increment counters for a Hadoop job
  • status

  • Create map-and-reduce functions from other functions
  • to.map


    This package aims to provide a wide palette of predefined operations to cover the basic data-manipulation needs. The documentation of the plyrmr package provides the following list of available commands:

  • data manipulation
  • bind.cols (add new columns), where(select rows), select(select columns), rbind, transmute (all of the above plus summaries)

  • summaries
  • transmute, sample, count.cols, quantile.cols, top.k, bottom.k

  • set operations
  • union, intersect, unique, merge

    transmute appears twice because it is a generalization over transform and summarize that allows us to increase or decrease the number of columns or rows, covering the need for multi-row summaries, flattening of data structures, etc.

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    This article is from the free online course:

    Managing Big Data with R and Hadoop

    Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe (PRACE)