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Reflecting on national culture

In an earlier step, we explored the theoretical background of culture and cultural dimensions, looking at Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck’s (1961) proposed six dimensions of culture.

Culture can be considered at different levels; here we are going to start by looking at national culture, then move on to organisational.

National culture is defined as the values, beliefs and assumptions learned in early childhood that distinguish one group of people from another.

(Newman & Nollen, 1996, p.754)

Your task

Think about Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck’s (1961) general cultural dimensions from Step 1.5:

  • The nature of people
  • The relationship to nature
  • The relationship to other people
  • The modality of human activity (doing and being)
  • The temporal focus of human activity (future, past, present)
  • The concept of space (private/public)

Do you think the six dimensions can also be applied to national culture?

Share your thoughts with your fellow learners in the discussion forum.


Newman, K. L., & Nollen, S. D. (1996). Culture and congruence: The fit between management practices and national culture. Journal of international business studies, 27(4), 753-779.

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This article is from the free online course:

Business Management: National and Organisational Cultures

Coventry University