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Skip to 0 minutes and 9 seconds My name is Katya Essery. Can you tell me your full name, please? My name is Kyoungae. Thank you. Can you tell me where you’re from? I’m from South Korea. Can I see your identification, please? Yes, sure. Thank you.

Skip to 0 minutes and 31 seconds Thank you, that’s fine. Thank you. Now in this first part, I’d like to ask you some questions about yourself. Let’s talk about what you do. Do you work or are you a student? I work. What’s your job? I’m an office worker. Why did you choose that kind of work? I thought - I am good at organising things, and I’m quite - I’m an organised person. So I felt suited to work in the office environment.

Skip to 1 minute and 5 seconds What do you enjoy about your job?

Skip to 1 minute and 12 seconds That’s a very good question. It’s quite nice to coordinate, to coordinate among people. It’s nice to work with lots of different people from lots of departments. So I like socializing with the people, and also when it’s related to work, I can also help them at the same time as - while I’m socializing with them. [LAUGHTER] So - Let’s talk about food. What’s your favorite kind of food? I like spicy food, as you can imagine. Who normally prepares the food in your home? I do. Why? Because I’ve got more time to cook. I work part-time at the moment, so yes, obviously, I have more time to prepare food. Do you often eat in restaurants or cafes?

Skip to 2 minutes and 9 seconds We’d like to, but we can’t do it often, but we do sometimes because of the kids. It’s sometimes a nightmare to take the kids to a restaurant. But yeah, we sometimes do. Did you ever do any cooking when you were a child? I didn’t do much. [LAUGHTER] Why not? I was too lazy, I think. I was really relying on my mom to cook all the food. So yeah, I feel I might be regretting it, but yeah, no, I didn’t cook much when I was a child. Let’s talk about spending time outdoors. How much time do you spend outdoors?

Skip to 2 minutes and 56 seconds When the weather is nice, I do spend time, about three hours, in the garden with the children. Sometimes I take them to a park. But yeah, about two hours or three hours a day, maybe. What do you enjoy doing outdoors?

Skip to 3 minutes and 17 seconds Entertaining the kids. So yeah, I like taking them to a playground or to a river, and show them ducks and swans, etc. So that’s the most enjoyable time. Do you think you’ll spend more or less time outdoors in future? It depends on the weather, but if, as long as the weather permits, yeah, I would spend more time. But obviously, in the winter time, I tend to spend more time indoors because of the cold weather. Do you think it’s important for people to spend time outdoors? Yes, I do. It’s quite healthy. It’s quite healthy to get fresh air. Yeah, and then people get less lazy when they’re outdoors. They do some activities. So yeah, I think that’s important.

Skip to 4 minutes and 17 seconds Now I’m going to give you a topic, and I’d like you to talk about it for one to two minutes. Before you talk, you’ll have one minute to think about what you’re going to say, and you can make some notes if you wish. Do you understand? Yes, I do. Here’s some paper and a pencil for making notes. Thanks. And here is your topic. Thank you. Please don’t write anything on the booklet. OK. I’d like you to describe a hobby you enjoyed when you were a child. OK.

Skip to 4 minutes and 53 seconds All right? Yes. Remember, you have one to two minutes for this, so don’t worry if I stop you. I’ll tell you when the time is up. OK. Can you start speaking now, please? When I was a child, when I was very young, I didn’t have much hobby because we used to - we were encouraged to concentrate on only studying. Not only, but yeah, pretty much just studying. But once I got into university, I started to learn table tennis, bowling, and swimming quite late. But yeah, which I really enjoyed, so I used to go - regularly go to table tennis club, and I played with my colleagues, friends. And also, I was in bowling club, as well.

Skip to 5 minutes and 45 seconds So once a week, I used to go to play bowling, things like that. And now I’d like to keep playing table tennis, especially, but it’s quite difficult to keep my hobby at the time because of the busy environment, with the children and with the family. But yes, definitely, I would once the children grow up, and I would start to play and be more active about the hobbies.

Skip to 6 minutes and 26 seconds Do I - should I continue or - Can you tell me more about that? What it involved?

Skip to 6 minutes and 40 seconds It involved like socializing, socializing things, though obviously, as I said, I was in a club. So I had to socialize with people, not just playing the sports, table tennis, etc. We - after playing the sports, we used to go out together and have a drink, and have a nice chat, things like that. OK, thank you. Did your friends have the same hobby as you? Some of them had, and especially - yeah, once I got a job, yeah, my colleagues, some of my colleagues had the same hobbies, though we used to have a club in at my work, which everybody plays together with each other, so that was good. OK, thank you. Can I take the booklet? Sure.

Skip to 7 minutes and 32 seconds And the paper and pencil back from you, please? Thank you.

Skip to 7 minutes and 42 seconds We’ve been talking about a hobby you enjoyed when you were a child, and I’d like to discuss with you one or two more general questions related to this. Let’s consider first of all children’s hobbies. In Korea, in South Korea, how do children spend their free time? Playing with the children - sorry, playing with the friends, and they do learn lots of musical instruments, etc. So they do spend a lot of time to learn new things. To have a hobby, for example, of learning how to play piano or flute. And at the moment, one of my nieces is learning how to ride on a horse and things like that.

Skip to 8 minutes and 32 seconds But also, of course, when they have free time they just go out and play in the playground with their friends. And you said they play musical instruments. Is that - do they choose to do that kind of hobby? Yeah, I mean, their probably parents would give them a few options, and so that they can choose what they would like. But yeah, there might be some of the parents’ preferences, as well. Depends. And do you think there have been any changes in the types of hobbies children have now compared with the past? Yes, definitely. We - when I grew up, when I was a child, it wasn’t quite as wealthy as now, and people didn’t really have much.

Skip to 9 minutes and 19 seconds And there’s your time to think about hobbies. It was more about studying, whereas now, people can afford and, you know, there are lots of ways they can encourage their children to have a hobby. So yeah, definitely, they have - these days, children have more options than I used to do. So you say afford. Is it expensive for children to have hobbies nowadays? I think it’s the same in the UK, as well. It’s just to teach one instrument does cost, it, doesn’t it? So yeah, I would say if they want to have a few different hobbies, then that would cost. So why do you think some children don’t have hobbies?

Skip to 10 minutes and 8 seconds First of all, maybe they didn’t have opportunity to realize their are some hobbies they could explore. And also maybe they were not very interested, or they were not encouraged, or their parents couldn’t afford it. There would be all different reasons. Let’s move on now, Kyoungae, to think about hobbies for adults. How does it benefit an adult to have a hobby? It definitely helps to relax [LAUGHTER] from the stress from the children. How does it help to relax?

Skip to 10 minutes and 51 seconds If you - if you’re doing what you’re enjoying, then you can forget about other stressful situations or stressful things. You can just concentrate on what you are enjoying. So therefore, you can have new energy to fight with your stress, maybe. [LAUGHTER] And what kind of hobbies are done alone? And what kind of hobbies do you do with other people?

Skip to 11 minutes and 22 seconds What kind of hobbies do I do with other people? Do people in general do alone and which do people do with other people? Fishing would be the definite example of doing alone. Like my husband enjoys fishing, but it’s very difficult to share that hobby. Because - like as a family, for example. He loves it, but I don’t, and so we can’t - we would try to go together, to share, but it’s not always enjoyable for me. Or like football, any sports, you need to do with other people. Those would be - that would be the example of, you share with other people. So what are the differences between the two kinds of hobbies, then?

Skip to 12 minutes and 15 seconds The ones you do alone and the ones you do with other people? The hobby you do alone would be more useful to - I don’t - useful is not very correct way to say. But more helpful to relax, probably, whereas like football, which involves lots of different - lots of other people would be, you know, more enjoyable, maybe. It’s just socializing. And can a hobby cause problems for other people? If you have - like let’s talk about fishing again. If you really enjoy fishing and other members of family would like to do something else, which we can share together, then that would cause a problem.

Skip to 13 minutes and 13 seconds Either you have to sacrifice your hobby and not going fishing, or the family has to sacrifice, do something else without you. So that could cause a problem. OK, thank you very much. That is the end of the speaking test. Thank you very much.

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