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Skip to 0 minutes and 11 seconds Well, I think one of the most fundamental strategies that you can use in this sort of approach is to get students who have the aims and the vocabulary in advance. I think it kind of prepares students to know what they are going to be talking about. And it gives them much confidence. For example, I give handouts with the vocabulary that they are going to be using, with the aims of that unit. And also the kind of language structures that they are going to find, and that they’re going to be using during the unit. So I think that gives them much confidence to work throughout the unit. I like to write learning objectives on the board. One for subject content.

Skip to 1 minute and 3 seconds For example, to know about different polygons. And another to do with communicative skills. For example, to be able to describe polygons and use maths language to do that. But I also like to include a third learning outcome related to learning to learn so that learners are going to work in a group and write a polygon challenge for another group. I like to keep the list of the learning objectives. And I keep that list at hand all the time so that throughout the lesson and at the end of the lesson I can give mental checks to all of the learning objectives. And sometimes I design specific activities or a certain rubric. It pretty much depends on the content.

Skip to 1 minute and 51 seconds But it’s something that I think that we should also have at hand. At the end of the lesson it’s always good to do a few activities to wrap up. And that, once again, depends on the content and the language level. I share learning objectives with learners, because I think it’s a principle of good teaching, never to leave them in the dark about what the desired outcome of a particular unit or a lesson is. I think it increases their involvement, and it creates a certain amount of curiosity, which is quite helpful when it comes to actually setting out to work.

Sharing learning objectives

Watch our teachers talking about sharing learning objectives with learners at the start of a lesson. This is when we tell learners what they’ll be learning about; what they’ll know and understand; what they’ll be able to do or what they’ll be aware of by the end of a lesson, unit or course.

For example:
By the end of today’s lesson, you’ll be able to interpret a climate map.

Watch and take notes to answer these questions:

  1. What do the teachers do to share learning objectives with their learners?
  2. What do the teachers say are the advantages of sharing learning objectives?

Compare your answers with those in the Sharing learning objectives document below. If you would like to read more reasons for planning and sharing learning objectives, read the Extra notes.


Do you share your learning objectives with your learners at the start of a lesson or a new topic? Tell us why or why not.

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Teaching Your Subject in English

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