Skip to 0 minutes and 1 secondMy name is Tasfaye Tilahun. My first name is Tasfaye. And I am a child protection officer working for NRC. Today, we are in Hitsats refugee camp it's our city. My primary focus of work is associated with CFS, providing training and overseeing campaigns and communication. Therefore, we are here today to learn about parenting skills. We will look at how to care for children. Before we start the training we will be establishing some principles.

Skip to 0 minutes and 51 secondsThe first principle is...

Skip to 1 minute and 0 secondsWe provide training for the foster carers and kinship carers. In the trainings for the kinship and the foster carers, we provide basic child protection issues, and the child's rights convention or child rights, and how to communicate with children or communication with children, and how to develop the attitude of children, including psychoeducation sessions and psychosocial supports, especially on how to deal with unbehavioured or misbehavioured children.

Skip to 1 minute and 34 secondsFemale participant: I am looking after my niece and we are a household of 7, including myself. That is adding my niece. That makes a household of 7 then. Are you a single parent or the father is at home as well? Their father is around but he is not here with me at the moment.

Skip to 1 minute and 50 secondsHow do you manage to look after a household of 7 members? I am managing that very well, of course, I have discipline them by following appropriate protocols. Do you help them with their school? Yes, I do.

Skip to 2 minutes and 2 secondsDo you make sure they are doing their homework? Yes I do. What time do they come to have to be at home evenings? They have to be at home by 5 pm. Especially the

Skip to 2 minutes and 9 secondsgirls, they have to be at home by 5:00 pm. Do they help you at home? Yes, they help me with household tasks. Do you have any boys? Yes, I have boys but they are really young. How old are they? One is 8 and the second one is 5.

Skip to 2 minutes and 22 secondsIt looks like you are not a big family, right?

Skip to 2 minutes and 27 secondsI think I am fine. [laughing] That is good. Therefore, what do we call the type of family you have. We call that a properly managed family. This type of family establishes rules and follows them strictly in raising their kids. The parents provide support and advice to the children. The parents step in when kids require help with homework and ensure kids are attending school. They set out rules and implements them. We call these type of family a properly managed family. What did you say your name is?

Skip to 2 minutes and 51 secondsMy name is Kewanit. She is hearing what is being said to her but she does not seem to fully understand what is being to her, she fails to listen to the substance of what is being said to her. The conversation and tone bothers her and that is why she raises her hands. I think the needs and demands of the child should be taken into account and must be heard and the action should be taken to address it.

Skip to 3 minutes and 16 secondsOf course, we do daily work trainings for social workers, different trainings, for instance, about case management, how the individual cases for unaccompanied and seperated children, how it should be managed, the whole process. And we give them the basic child protection concepts in the refugee operation. We also give them different kinds of training, how to deal with the cases. For instance, last year, in 2018, we delivered an advanced psychosocial intervention training by collaborating with the Scaling Up team from the USA. We also give the training for the social workers about better parenting skill so that they can cascade that training for the foster parents and primary caregivers in the refugee camp.

Skip to 4 minutes and 12 secondsTherefore, now, I will be asking you questions and you are expected to give answers to them. You don't have to be silent.

Skip to 4 minutes and 16 secondsThe questions are: the training you did in the past and doing again now is concerning parenting skills in giving care to children. Do you deem that the training is helpful to you? I think this is very important. We all are looking after young children. We ourselves might be young but we need the skills for now and for the future as well. Through the training we are able to learn the skills we should preserve and the skills we need to get rid of. Based on the principles we learned bow we can confidently raise in the manner suggested. I think it is helpful to everyone.

Skip to 4 minutes and 52 secondsI think this is profoundly helpful. The training is based on other studies done and therefore, I think it is very crucial. In my opinion, without acquiring the necessary skills, I will have to rely on what I think and believe was right. Which can often lead to failure to take into account the children's need and feeling? Even if I attempt to understand their feeling it will fall into my own judgment. Now, I am going outside what I have known to be true and this is will broaden my perspective as this is based on broad studies. The training will advance out existing skills and we should be offered with additional

Skip to 5 minutes and 22 secondstraining to further develop our skills and knowledge. I am new here and I am not sure if any other training

Skip to 5 minutes and 31 secondshas been offered before or not. I think others, who did not show up today, could benefit from it if this is offered frequently, every two weeks or once a month. How often? It depends on you guys. I am not sure what would be convenient. However, I think to coordinate a plan to have the training run often would be helpful to many.

Skip to 6 minutes and 0 secondsI think this is profoundly helpful. It goes without saying that we all have some skills acquired naturally or from the way we are raised in training children. It will help me reassess my skills and where I stand. In doing so, I learn to correct and forsake the wrong parenting skills I have pursued and adopt the new healthy skills from the training.

Skip to 6 minutes and 21 secondsIf I was already practicing a good parenting skill then the training

Skip to 6 minutes and 29 secondswill be a reassurance to me. Every care provider should take this course. To everyone who took the course seriously will benefit from it. The reason why we are requesting this training should be carried out again is that we are aware of other parents who are giving

Skip to 6 minutes and 51 secondscare under unhealthy fashion. If they go through this course like we did, just like Fitwi stated early, we might be raising

Skip to 7 minutes and 5 secondsour children in skills we had adopted from our society. That often can lead to failing our children. Subjecting them to irrational spankings which can rob their confidence. I know a mother here who has been having issues with her firstborn. She denied him access to the food allocated to him from the refugee camp. He went to seek help from his uncle. She told his uncle she did that because, he beat his half brothers, the children

Skip to 7 minutes and 52 secondsshe from her second husband. She punished the child because of that and we had to report her to the authorities. The

Skip to 8 minutes and 1 secondtraining could shed light on their discipline practice most are following and rethink their ways. This can help them improve their existing skills and beliefs. This should be provided often.

Foster care - training and support

In course step 4.13 we thought about some of the factors we should consider when carefully developing foster care for unaccompanied and separated children and other children on the move, if required. This included the process of selection and training of foster carers against agreed standards and criteria. Training should consider the specific needs of unaccompanied and separated children, like, for example, psychosocial support and an understanding and appreciation of the background they come from, as well as difficulties they may have experienced. Ongoing support should also be provided to caregivers and children in foster placements.

In the last course step we saw examples of foster care provided in two refugee camps in Northern Ethiopia. In this video we will now see one of a series of training sessions offered to foster carers and kinship carers who take care of unaccompanied and separated children in the Hitsats refugee camp in the district of Shire, in Northern Ethiopia.

The training is led by Tasfaye Tilahun who is a Child Protection Officer employed by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC). Subjects covered in the training include information about the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, child protection, psychosocial support, child friendly communication, and positive discipline.

In the video we also hear from Yibeyin Hagos, a Senior Child Protection Officer for Innovative Humanitarian Solution, in Shimelba refugee camp also in the district of Shire, Ethiopia. Yibeyin also stresses the importance of training foster carers.

We would like to thank the UNHCR office in Shire for helping to facilitate the filming in the camps.

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This video is from the free online course:

Caring for Children Moving Alone: Protecting Unaccompanied and Separated Children

University of Strathclyde