Skip to 0 minutes and 10 seconds Li Yameng: Lidya, Xiànzài jǐdiǎn?
Skip to 0 minutes and 11 seconds Li Hui: Xiànzài 12 diǎn.
Skip to 0 minutes and 15 seconds Li Yameng: It’s time for lunch. Nǐ xiǎng chī shén me?
Skip to 0 minutes and 18 seconds Li Hui: Wǒ xiǎng chī huǒguō.
Skip to 0 minutes and 20 seconds Li Yameng: Huǒguō? You may get what we were talking about just now. Right, time.
Skip to 0 minutes and 27 seconds Li Hui: That’s what we are going to learn.
Skip to 0 minutes and 29 seconds Li Yameng: “Xiànzài jǐdiǎn” means, “what time is it now”. It’s the most common way for asking the time. Do you still remember how to ask the date? Here, “jǐ” shares the same meaning as which, for asking the time in Chinese. “Xiànzài” means “now”. Xiànzài jǐdiǎn? Xiànzài 8 diǎn 10 fēn.
Skip to 0 minutes and 57 seconds There are several measure words related to time. “Diǎn” is used for hours. “fēn” for minutes. So “8 diǎn 10 fēn” means 10 after 8.
Skip to 1 minute and 16 seconds Li Hui: Amy, do you remember when Jay Chou’s concert is?
Skip to 1 minute and 19 seconds Li Yameng: 6 yuè 15 hào. Oh, jīn tiān. What time is the concert?
Skip to 1 minute and 25 seconds Li Hui: 7 diǎn 1 kè.
Skip to 1 minute and 27 seconds Li Yameng: Xiànzài jǐdiǎn?
Skip to 1 minute and 28 seconds Li Hui: Xiànzài 5 diǎn bàn.
Skip to 1 minute and 32 seconds Li Yameng: Shall we leave now?
Skip to 1 minute and 33 seconds Li Hui: OK, let’s go.
Skip to 1 minute and 35 seconds Li Yameng: Go. When it comes to 15 minutes, instead of saying “15 fēn”, there is an alternate way of saying it, which is yíkè. So 15 past 7, we can say “7 diǎn yíkè” or”7 diǎn 15 fēn”.
Skip to 1 minute and 58 seconds “Bàn” means “half”. Here it is half an hour, so 30 past 5, we can say “5 diǎn bàn or 5 diǎn 30 fēn”.
Skip to 2 minutes and 14 seconds Li Hui: Now let’s have some practice. Amy, xiànzài jǐdiǎn?
Skip to 2 minutes and 20 seconds Li Yameng: Xiànzài zǎoshang 7 diǎn bàn.
Skip to 2 minutes and 22 seconds Li Hui: Xiànzài jǐdiǎn?
Skip to 2 minutes and 22 seconds Li Yameng: Xiànzài wǎnshang 7diǎn bàn.
Skip to 2 minutes and 34 seconds L Yameng: Do you remember the rule that the bigger unit comes before the smaller one in Chinese when we talk about the date. For instance, “6 yuè 15 hào” meaning “15th of June”. This rule applies to time as well. “Wǎnshang 7 diǎn bàn” , which is half past seven in the evening. “Wǎnshang” comes before “7 diǎn bàn”. Let’s take a look at different expressions of different time period of a day. zǎoshang, shàngwǔ, zhōngwǔ, xiàwǔ, wǎnshang
Skip to 3 minutes and 22 seconds Li Hui: Wow, Jay Chou’s concert is amazing.
Skip to 3 minutes and 24 seconds Li Yameng: I agree with you. Xiànzài jǐdiǎn?
Skip to 3 minutes and 28 seconds Li Hui: Xiànzài 10 diǎn . Shall we go to the bar now?
Skip to 3 minutes and 30 seconds Li Yameng: Hē píjiǔ ma?
Skip to 3 minutes and 31 seconds Li Hui: Hmm-mm.
Skip to 3 minutes and 32 seconds Li Yameng: I need to go home and have some rest.
Skip to 3 minutes and 35 seconds My class starts at 8:00 tomorrow morning.
Skip to 3 minutes and 38 seconds Li Hui: You live like an old lady. Come on, let’s have fun.
Skip to 3 minutes and 41 seconds Li Yameng: You know me. I follow the habit of zǎo shuì zǎo qǐ, Early to bed and early to rise. It’s too late now.
Skip to 3 minutes and 50 seconds Li Hui: I should learn from you.
Skip to 3 minutes and 51 seconds Li Yameng: Yeah.
How to express the time
The most common way for asking the time “现在几点？(Xiànzài jǐdiǎn?)” is introduced at the beginning of the video and then, simple daily time expressions and the rule of expressing the moment of time are also introduced.
“现在几点？(Xiànzài jǐdiǎn?)” is used for asking the moment in time. In order to answer this question, we use “点(diǎn)” and “分(fēn)” as measurements. “点(diǎn)” is used for hours，”分(fēn)” for minutes.
- 7点(diǎn)15分(fēn) indicates fifteen minutes past seven.
- 5点(diǎn)30分(fēn) indicates thirty minutes past five.
There are alternative ways of saying the above time:
- 7:15 七点十五分(qīdiǎn shíwǔfēn) 七点一刻(qīdiǎn yíkè)
- 5:30 五点三十分(wǔdiǎn sānshífēn) 五点半(wǔdiǎn bàn)
“刻(kè)” means “quarter of an hour” and “半(bàn)” means “half or semi-“.
The rule of time expressions is the same as the rule of saying the date. The larger unit is placed before the smaller one, so the expression of a day comes before the expression of o’clock. Here are the expressions of a day.
- 早上(zǎoshang) early morning
- 上午(shàngwǔ) morning
- 中午(zhōngwǔ) noon
- 下午(xiàwǔ) afternoon
- 晚上(wǎnshang) evening, night
After learning the time expressions, you can apply them in your daily life.
© Shanghai International Studies University