Skip to 0 minutes and 1 second[PIANO MUSIC]
Skip to 0 minutes and 9 secondsLi Hui: Amy, jīntiān tiānqì hěn hǎo,bú tài lěng.
Skip to 0 minutes and 11 secondsLi yameng: Duì,jīntiān 15 20 dù,hěn nuǎnhuo.Wǒ hěn xǐhuan chūntiān.
Skip to 0 minutes and 21 secondsLi Hui: Wǒ yě hěn xǐhuan chūntiān. Can you guess what "chūntiān" means here? Now, the season is "chūntiān".
Skip to 0 minutes and 28 secondsLi yameng: So let's take a look at this slide about the season.
Skip to 0 minutes and 33 secondsLi Hui: chūntiān, xiàtiān, qiūtiān, dōngtiān. Wǒ hěn xǐhuan chūntiān.
Skip to 0 minutes and 51 seconds"Xǐhuan" means "to like". Try to read these questions and answer them by yourselves.
Skip to 0 minutes and 59 secondsLi yameng: Lydia, nǐ xǐhuan chūntiān ma?
Skip to 1 minute and 1 secondLi Hui: Wǒ bú tài xǐhuan chūntiān.
Skip to 1 minute and 1 secondLi yameng: Nǐ xǐhuan nǎ gè jìjié?
Skip to 1 minute and 2 secondsLi Hui: Wǒ xǐhuan xiàtiān.
Skip to 1 minute and 11 secondsLi yameng: Do you remember the meaning of the word "nǎ"? In the sentence, "Nǐ shì nǎ guó rén", it means which. Here, "Nǐ xǐhuan nǎgè jìjié" means "which season do you like". So you might be able to figure out the meaning of "jìjié". "Jìjié" means "season". Lydia, we have learned a lot of countries' names like "Yīngguó","Měigu ó","Rìběn","Hánguó".Nǐ xǐhuan nǎ gè guójiā?
Skip to 1 minute and 41 secondsLi Hui: Wǒ xǐhuan "Bōlán".
Skip to 1 minute and 50 secondsI've been there as a Chinese teacher for a year, so I feel connected with the country Poland. Amy, nǐ xǐhuan nǎ gè guójiā?
Skip to 1 minute and 57 secondsLi yameng: Wǒ xǐhuan Rìběn, tèbié shì chūntiān de Rìběn.
Skip to 1 minute and 58 secondsLi Hui: Nǐ wèishénme xǐhuan chūntiān de Rìběn?
Skip to 1 minute and 58 secondsLi yameng:Yīnwèi chūntiān de Rìběn hěn měi.
Skip to 2 minutes and 13 seconds"Wèishénme" means why. It can be put in front of or after the subject. For example, "Nǐ wèishénme xǐhuan chūntiān de Rìběn?"," Wèishénme nǐ xǐhuan chūntiān de Rìběn?
Skip to 2 minutes and 31 secondsWhen you answer the question, you can start a sentence with "yīnwèi". For example, yīnwèi chūntiān de Rìběn hěn měi.
Skip to 2 minutes and 43 secondsPlease complete the sentences.
Skip to 2 minutes and 50 secondsNǐ wèishénme xǐhuan xiàtiān?
Skip to 2 minutes and 52 secondsLi Hui: Yīnwèi wǒ kěyǐ chī bīngqílín,hái kěyǐ chuān qúnzi. Amy,nǐ wèishénme xǐhuan chūntiān?
Skip to 2 minutes and 52 secondsLi yameng:Yīnwèi chūntiān bù lěng yě bú rè.
Skip to 3 minutes and 8 secondsLi Hui: In most of China, there are four seasons. But there are some cities that are well known for being warm in the whole year. Tèbié shì Kūnmíng. In Chinese, we use a phrase to describe the climate in Kunming. That is "sìjìrúchūn".
Skip to 3 minutes and 30 secondsIn this lesson, we learned about the seasons. chūntiān,xiàtiān ,qiūtiān,dōngtiān
Skip to 3 minutes and 44 secondsLi yameng:Nǐ xǐhuan nǎgè jìjié?Nǐ wèishénme xǐhuan zhège jìjié? If you can answer the two questions, it means your Chinese is improving now.
How to express the season and what you like about it
China has four seasons in a year. These four seasons are
- 春天(chūntiān) spring
- 夏天(xiàtiān) summer
- 秋天(qiūtiān) fall, autumn
- 冬天(dōngtiān) winter
If you would like to know which season your friend likes, you can ask
你喜欢哪个季节？ (Nǐxǐhuan nǎge jìjié?) Which season do you like?
“季节(jìjié)” means “season”. “个(gè)” is the most common measure word in Chinese.
The answer of this question is pretty simple.
You just need to put the season you like after “我喜欢(wǒ xǐhuan)”.
For instance, “我喜欢春天。(Wǒ xǐhuan chūntiān.)”
If you are curious about why your friend likes spring, you can ask
你为什么喜欢春天？ (Nǐ wèishénme xǐhuan chūntiān?)
Why do you like spring?
“为什么(wèishénme)” means “why”. When we answer this question, we start the sentence with “因为(yīnwèi)……”
因为天气不冷也不热。(Yīnwèi tiānqì bù lěng yě bú rè.)
Because the weather is neither cold nor hot.
Here is a challenging question for you.
Do you know how to say how many seasons there are in a year in Chinese?
© Shanghai International Studies University