Skip to 0 minutes and 1 second[PIANO MUSIC]

Skip to 0 minutes and 10 secondsLi Hui: It's my first time to visit Songjiang campus of SISU. Zhēn piàoliang!

Skip to 0 minutes and 21 secondsLi Yameng: Shì a, zhēn piàoliang.

Skip to 0 minutes and 22 secondsLi Hui: Xǐshǒujiān zàinǎr, Amy?

Skip to 0 minutes and 22 secondsLi Yameng: Xǐshǒujiān jìu zài nǐ de zuǒbiān. When you are wondering where the location of a place is, you can say the place first and then put "zàinǎr" right after the place, such as "1hàolóu zàinǎr","Túshūguǎn zàinǎr","4hàolóu zàinǎr".

Skip to 0 minutes and 45 secondsThe question will also sound more polite if you start it with "qǐngwèn". The format of the location words is "A zài B qiánbiān, hòubiān, zuǒbiān, yòubiān, pángbiān, duìmiàn", For example--

Skip to 1 minute and 16 secondsLi Hui: Amy, shítáng zàinǎr?

Skip to 1 minute and 17 secondsLi Yameng: Shítáng zài 1hàolóu pángbiān.

Skip to 1 minute and 17 secondsLi Hui: Túshūguǎn zàinǎr?

Skip to 1 minute and 17 secondsLi Yameng: Túshūguǎn zài 1hàolóu duìmiàn.

Skip to 1 minute and 18 secondsLi Hui: Amy, xiànzài jǐdiǎn?

Skip to 1 minute and 18 secondsLi Yameng: Xiànzài 12 diǎn yíkè. Wǒmen qù shítáng chīfàn ba.

Skip to 1 minute and 18 secondsLi Hui: Hǎo a, shítáng lí zhèr yuǎn ma?

Skip to 1 minute and 41 secondsIs cafeteria far away from here?

Skip to 1 minute and 43 secondsLi Yameng: It is close to here. Lí zhèr hěn jìn.

Skip to 1 minute and 48 secondsLi Hui: Please take a look at the sentence pattern. "Yuǎn" and "jìn" are a pair of antonyms. "Yuǎn" means far, while "jìn" means close. "4hàolóu lí 1hàolóu hěn yuǎn"

Skip to 2 minutes and 5 secondsmeans the building 4 is far away from the building 1.

Skip to 2 minutes and 12 seconds"Shítáng lí 1hàolóu hěn jìn" means the cafeteria is close to the building 1. Amy, I'm leaving now but the campus is so big. I'm very confused to where the main entrance is. Xuéxiào dàmén zàinǎr?

Skip to 2 minutes and 32 secondsLi Yameng: Xuéxiào dàmén lí zhèr bùyuǎn, zhízǒu 50 mǐ, wǎng zuǒ guǎi jiù dào le.

Skip to 2 minutes and 33 secondsLi Hui: Hǎode.

Skip to 2 minutes and 40 secondsLi Yameng: The co-verb "wǎng" indicates the direction of motion towards a certain place, such as "wǎng zuǒ guǎi", "wǎng yòu guǎi".

Skip to 2 minutes and 53 secondsHere "guǎi" means turn. "Zhízǒu" means go straight ahead. We put the distance after it, like "zhízǒu 200 mǐ".

Skip to 3 minutes and 10 secondsGo straight for 200 metres. Let's have some practise. Here is a map for you. Please tell the boy "Cāochǎng zàinǎr?".

Skip to 3 minutes and 24 secondsCāochǎng zàinǎr? Xiān zhízǒu 100 mǐ, ránhòu wǎng zuǒ guǎi, zhízǒu 300 mǐ, cāochǎng jiù zài nǐ de pángbiān.

Skip to 3 minutes and 41 secondsLydia, I bet next time you come to SISU you won't ask me "Shítáng zàinǎr?".

Skip to 3 minutes and 48 secondsLi Hui: Yeah. Sure. Shítáng lí zhèr hěn jìn, xiān zhízǒu 100 mǐ, ránhòu wǎng zuǒ guǎi, shítáng zài 1hàolóu pángbiān.

Skip to 3 minutes and 59 secondsLi Yameng: Duì. I believe you know how to ask directions when you are in China.

How to express directions

Direction is an important communicative topic.

The context of this video is at school.One of the instructors didn’t know where the restroom is, so she asked the following question.

audio

Location word 在(zài) somewhere

洗手间在哪儿? (Xǐshǒujiān zài nǎr?)
Where is the restroom?

To answer the above question, we need to learn the necessary vocabulary about position.

  • 前边(qiánbian) in front, front
  • 后边(hòubian) after, behind
  • 左边(zuǒbian) left
  • 右边(yòubian) right
  • 旁边(pángbiān) beside, next to
  • 对面(duìmiàn) opposite; across from

Here is an example to answer the first question.

洗手间在图书馆旁边。 (Xǐshǒujiān zài túshūguǎn pángbiān.)
The restroom is next to the library.

Here is a sentence pattern for describing the distance between two locations.

A 离(lí) B 远(yuǎn)

4号楼离1号楼很远。 (sìhàolóu lí yīhàolóu hěn yuǎn.)
Building 4 is far away from the Building 1.

A 离(lí) B 近(jìn)

食堂离1号楼很近。 (Shítáng lí yīhàolóu hěn jìn.)
The cafeteria is close to Building 1.

“远(yuǎn)” and “近(jìn)” is a pair of antonyms. “远(yuǎn)” means “far” while “近(jìn)” means “close”.

In Chinese, “turn left” and “turn right” are expressed with a co-verb 往(wǎng) which indicates the direction of motion towards a certain place.

  • 往左拐(wǎng zuǒ guǎi) turn left
  • 往右拐(wǎng yòu guǎi) turn right
  • 拐(guǎi) turn.

If you have any other questions about direction and position, please leave us comments freely.

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Introduction to Chinese: Conversation

Shanghai International Studies University (SISU)

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