Skip to 0 minutes and 1 secondLet's move on to the Chinese characters. Wǎng. The radical means intersection or road. Characters with this radical are related to roads or walking. For example, "xíng" means intersection or to walk, and "jiē" meaning street. The next is a pair of antonyms, "yuǎn", "jìn". They are the typical formation of radical plus phonetic. Their outside parts mean walking and movement. The inner parts, "yuán", "jīn" , stand for their pronunciation. "Kàn" which combined "shǒu" on top and "mù" on the bottom. "Kàn" originally means to look from a distance with a hand above your eyes. Nowadays, "kàn" means to look, to see, to read, to watch, or to visit. Like "kàn diànyǐng", "kàn shū", "kàn fùmǔ", "kàn lǎoshī".

Skip to 1 minute and 24 secondszuò. As the character shows, the two persons are sitting on the ground face to face. In the past, we just sat on the ground when there weren't any chair, so "zuò" is an ideogrammic component, meaning "to sit".

Chinese characters

  • 往(wǎng, towards):The left part is the radical related to roads or walking. The right part is 主(zhǔ, host), but the pronounciation of 往(wǎng, towards)comes from 王(wánɡ).
  • 远(yuǎn, far):The outside radical means walking and movement. The inner part 元(yuán, current unit;origin)stands for their pronunciation, but the tone is different.
  • 近(jìn, close):This character shares the same radical with 远(yuǎn, far). The inner part 斤(jīn, catty)stands for their pronunciation, but the tone is changed into the forth tone.
  • 看(kàn, to look; to watch):This character combines 手(shǒu, hand) on top and 目(mù, eyes) on the bottom. 看(kàn, to look; to watch) originally means to look from a distance with a hand above your eyes.
  • 坐(zuò, to sit):As this character shows, the two persons are sitting on the ground face to face.

After learning this video, you can write these characters as their order in the worksheet to help you better understand what you have learned.

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Introduction to Chinese: Conversation

Shanghai International Studies University (SISU)

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