Skip to 0 minutes and 17 seconds The woman in the video has to finish cutting out the character fú. Tā jiǎnhǎo fú zì le. Verb plus result is out is the grammar that we are going to learn, which is called resultative complement. jiéguǒ bǔyǔ. Look at the picture. She has to finish the shopping. We can say Tā mǎihǎo le. mǎi is a verb, and hǎo is a resultative complement expressing the results of the action. Resultative complements use either a verb or an adjective. The complement that follows the verb indicates the result of the action. The full sentence structure is subject plus verb plus resultative complement plus “le”. Let’s do some exercises. Rearrange the following sentences into the right order.
Skip to 1 minute and 29 seconds Tā cā gànjing le.
Skip to 1 minute and 37 seconds Bǎobao hēwán le.
Skip to 1 minute and 43 seconds Resultative accompaniments are closely bound to verbs. There cannot be other words in between. The particle “le” or any objects must be placed behind the resultative complement. Before, in this video, we said Tā jiǎnhǎo fú zì le. The object fú zì comes after the verb jiǎn and the resultative complement hǎo. Similarly, we can say Tā mǎihǎo yīfu le. The sentence structure is subject plus verb plus resultative complement plus object plus “le.” Let’s practise. Make sentences with the given phrases. Xǐ gànjìng, xiǎo nǚhái xǐ gànjìng yīfu le.
Skip to 2 minutes and 47 seconds Zuò cuò, wǒ zuò cuò chē le.
Skip to 2 minutes and 53 seconds Now let’s listen to a dialogue between Wáng Xiǎobǎo and Xīxī. Try to identify the jiéguǒ bǔyǔ in the dialogue. Xīxī ,nǐ jiǎnduǎn tóufa le Shìde, Wáng Xiǎobǎo, nǐ zhōumò zuò shénme le Wǒ qù shāngchǎng mǎi dōngxi le, búguò huíjiā shí zuòcuò le chē, hǎo gāngà.
Skip to 3 minutes and 18 seconds Nǐ zuòwán zuòyè le ma Ènzuòwán le, búguò hànzì hěn nán, xiě cuò le hěnduō zì.
Skip to 3 minutes and 25 seconds Méiguānxi, duō xiěxie jiù hǎo le.
Skip to 3 minutes and 29 seconds There are four examples of jiéguǒ bǔyǔ . Jiǎnduǎn zuòcuò zuòwán xiěcuò
Introducing Resultative Complements
In this video we learn “结果补语（jiéguǒ bǔyǔ）resultative complements”, expressing the results of actions.
Resultative complements use either a verb or an adjective, the complement that follows the verb indicates the result of the action.
- S+V+Resultative Complement+了
她买好了。Tā mǎihǎo le. She has finished shopping.
“买mǎi （buy） ” is a verb and “好” is a resultative complement. Here “好”means “finish”，expressing the result of “买mǎi （buy） ” . And the particle “了” is needed after the complement.
Some more examples：
她擦干净了。Tā cā gànjìng le. She wiped it clean.
宝宝喝完了。Bǎobao hē wán le. The baby has finished drinking.
- S+V+ Resultative complement +O+了
If there is an object of the verb，we should put the object after the Resultative complement， because Resultative complements are closely bound to verbs，there cannot be other words in between.
她剪好 “福” 字了。
The object“福”字 comes after the resultative complement好.
Now you have finished reading this article，you can say：
我看完这篇文章了。Wǒ kànwán zhèpiān wénzhāng le.
Well，Have you understood it？你看懂了吗？ Nǐ kàndǒng le ma？
Please share your ideas here.
The following is Chinese and English Version of Situational Dialogue in the Video：
Wáng Xiǎobǎo： Xixi, you have your hair cut.
Xīxī： Uh-huh, what did you do at this weekends? Wang Xiaobao?
Wáng Xiǎobǎo： I went shopping in the mall, but it’s so embarrassing that I took the wrong bus when I went home.
Xīxī： Have you finished your homework?
Wáng Xiǎobǎo：Yes, but Chinese character is so difficult, and I made several mistakes.
Xīxī： It doesn’t matter. Practice makes perfect.
© Shanghai International Studies University