Skip to 0 minutes and 9 secondsWelcome to my Chinese class. Let's have a look at what Xi Xi and Wang Xiaobao are talking about. Wáng XiǎobǎoJīntiān tiānqi hěn hǎo. Wǒmen qù dòngwùyuán bɑ Hǎode. Nǐ xǐhuan shénme dòngwù Wǒ xǐhuan tùzi. Tùzi hěn kěài. Nǐ ne Wǒ xǐhuan kǒngquè. Kǒngquè hěn měilì. Oh. They are going to the zoo. Well, what did they say? Yes. They said Tiānqi hěn hǎo; Tùzi hěn kěài; Kǒngquè hěn měilì.

Skip to 0 minutes and 51 secondsThis is the grammar we are going to learn. Sentences are with an adjectival predicate. In Chinese, it's called xíngróngcí wèiyǔ jù.

Skip to 1 minute and 4 secondsTiānqi, Tùzi, Kǒngquè are subjects. Hǎo, kěài, měilì are adjectives. This kind of sentence does not need a verb, as the adjectives follows the subject directly. Notice the adverb, hěn is usually placed before the adjective. Here, the meaning of hěn is not so obvious. Tiānqi hěn hǎo and Tiānqi hǎo are not so much different in degree. How should we describe the panda in the photo? Try it by using some sentences with an adjectival predicate. Xióngmāo hěn pàng.

Skip to 1 minute and 59 secondsTā hěn kěài.

Skip to 2 minutes and 1 secondTā de yǎnjing hěn hēi.

Skip to 2 minutes and 5 secondsTā de shēntǐ hěn yuán.

Skip to 2 minutes and 9 secondsWell, I guess you have understood the sentence structure. Let's listen to a dialogue. Try to find any xíngróngcí wèiyǔ jù. Wǒ hěn gāoxìng kàn dào le hěn duō dòngwù. Shì ɑ.Jīntiān hěn kāixīn.Dànshì wǒ yě hěn lèi.

Skip to 2 minutes and 27 secondsWǒ hěn è.Wǒmen qù chīfàn bɑ.

Skip to 2 minutes and 31 secondsHǎo de.Wǒmen qù nǎr Wǒmen qù nàjiā fàndiàn bɑ.Nàlǐ de hànbǎo hěn hǎochī.

Skip to 2 minutes and 38 secondsHǎo de. There are several sentences with an adjectival predicate. Wǒ hěn gāoxìng; īntiān hěn kāixīn; Wǒ yě hěn lèi; Wǒ hěn è; Hànbǎo hěn hǎochī. Well, we have learned the structure of sentences with adjectival predicates. In this kind of sentence, an adjective follows the subject directly, and it does not need the verb. hěn is necessary.

Introducing Adjectival Predicate Sentences

In this video we learn a basic sentence structure“sentences with an adjectival predicate”. In Chinese it is called “形容词谓语句xíngróngcí wèiyǔ jù”.

This kind of sentence does not need a verb, as the adjective follows the subject directly. You have to notice that the adverb “很hěn” is usually placed before the adjective.

S + 很 hěn +Adj.

Here the meaning of “很hěn” is not so obvious. “Tiānqi hěn hǎo” and “tiānqi hǎo” are not so much different in degree.

天气很好。Tiānqi hěn hǎo. The weather is fine.

We usually use this kind of sentence to describe something or somebody. For example:

熊猫很胖。Xióngmāo hěn pàng. Pandas are fat.

它很可爱。Tā hěn kěài. It’s cute.

它的眼睛很黑。Tā de yǎnjīng hěn hēi. Its eyes are black.

它的身体很圆。Tā de shēntǐ hěn yuán. It has a round body.

玛丽很漂亮。 Mǎ lì hěn piàoliang 。 Mary is beautiful.

王小宝很聪明。Wáng xiǎobǎo hěn cōngming. Wang Xiaobao is clever.

You can try to use this sentence structure to describe something or somebody.

The following is Chinese and English Version of Situational Dialogue in the Video:

西西:我很高兴,看到了很多动物!

王小宝:是啊,今天很开心,但是我也很累。

西西:我很饿,我们去吃饭吧。

王小宝:好啊,我们去哪儿?

西西:我们去那家饭店吧,那里的汉堡很好吃。

王小宝:好的。

Xixi: I’m glad that we have seen so many animals today.

Wang Xiaobao: Me too. But I’m also tired.

Xixi: I’m hungry. Shall we go to eat something now?

Wang Xiaobao: Sure. Where are we going to eat?

Xi Xi: The restaurant over there. The hamburgers they serve taste good.

Wang Xiaobao: OK.

© Shanghai International Studies University

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Introduction to Chinese: Grammar

Shanghai International Studies University (SISU)

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