Skip to 0 minutes and 10 secondsNǏhǎo, George. NǏhǎo, Zhū lǎoshī We still have some finals remaining to learn in Chinese pinyin. So should we do them now? Yes. Do you still remember how to pronounce this final? Of course I do. ai. Excellent. ai. When you pronounce ai, your pronunciation should smoothly transition from a to i. Now, let's learn some compound finals starting with i, u, ü. Now that sounds interesting. Let's see some compound finals with i in the beginning. ia. ia. ie. ie. iao. iao. Excellent. Now, can you try these syllables? j-ia, jiā, home or family. j-ie, jiě, eldest sister. x-iao, xiǎo, small. jiā, jiě, xiǎo.

Skip to 1 minute and 17 secondsDo you have a jiějie? No, I don't. But I do have a younger brother. That is dìdi. Ah. dìdi. So how can I say older brother and younger sister? That is gēge and mèimei.

Skip to 1 minute and 36 secondsOK. gēge, mèimei. gēge gēge Good. Next, ian. ian. iang. iang. in. in. ing. ing. iong. iong. Zhū lǎoshī, I'm a little bit confused. So I can't really feel any difference between in and ing. Oh. in and ing, the difference is comparable to the difference between an and ang. So you open the back of your mouth when you pronounce ing. ing. You got it. So for example, xīn means heart, while xīng means star. xīn xīng. Very good. Now, can you try some more syllables? Sure.

Skip to 2 minutes and 37 secondsq ian, qián, money. x iang, xiǎng, think. x iong, xióng, bear. b ing, bīng, ice.

Skip to 2 minutes and 53 secondsqián, xiǎng, xióng, bīng.

Skip to 3 minutes and 0 secondsOh, right. bīng means ice, right? Yes. Ah, right, because I can only normally get hot water in restaurants for some reason, right? But I prefer cold water. So next time I go to a restaurant I'll say, bīng. Smart. OK, we believe hot water is more healthy. OK. Let's quickly review. ia ia ie ie iao iao ian ian iang iang in in ing ing iong iong

Skip to 3 minutes and 36 secondsHere, we have some compound finals starting with u. ua uo uai uan uang ueng.

Skip to 3 minutes and 50 secondsSome examples. h ua, huā, flowers. d uo, duō, many. k uai, kuài, fast. ch uan, chuán, boat.

Skip to 4 minutes and 9 secondsch-uan, chuán. chuán. h-uang, huáng, yellow.

Skip to 4 minutes and 17 secondsh-uang, huáng. huáng. Good. huā, duō, kuài, chuán, huáng.

Skip to 4 minutes and 30 secondsI often hear kuài kuài kuài! So that means like quickly, quickly. Yes. And we've learned hěnduō a lot. And you're learning very fast hěnkuài. So can I have a rest now? Well, you've earned it.

Compound Finals Ⅲ-1

After learning initals zh ch sh r ; z c s, let’s have a look at compound finals starting with i and u. Compound finals starting with i and u are “iɑ ie iɑo iɑn iɑng in ing iong uɑ uo uɑi uɑn uɑng ueng” .

As mentioned in the last video, when you pronounce ɑi, your pronunciation should smoothly transition from ɑ to i. We use the same method to pronounce these compound finals. Please practice by reading the following syllables.

  • iɑ, jiā — home or family
  • ie, jiě — elder sister
  • iɑo, xiǎo — small

To address brothers and sisters, we say jiějie, elder sister; gēge, elder brother; dìdi, younger brother; mèimei, younger sister.

  • iɑn, qián — money
  • iɑng, xiǎng — to think
  • in, xīn — heart
  • ing, “bīng” means “ice”. In China normally you get hot water in restaurants, if you prefer cold water, you say “bīng”.
  • iong, xióng — bear

The difference of in and ing is comparable to the difference between ɑn and ɑng. Open the back of your mouth when you pronounce ing.

  • uɑ, huā — flowers
  • uo, duō — many
  • uɑi, kuài — fast
  • uɑn, chuán — boat
  • uɑng, huáng — yellow
  • ueng, usually describe the sound of bee.

When you pronounce compound finals start with i and u, you first pronounce i and u lightly and quickly transition to the main vowel.

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Introduction to Chinese: Pronunciation and Tone

Shanghai International Studies University (SISU)

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