Skip to 0 minutes and 10 secondsHello again, Ms. Zhu. Hello. How many initials do we still have to cover? Good question. We only have seven initials left to learn, but they're quite difficult. Well, I love a challenge, so bring it on. First, let's see zh, ch, sh, r. You use the raised tongue tip and the front part of the hard palate together to pronounce them. The first one, sh. Ah, that's similar to the "sh" in the word shy. Yes. sh. sh. sh. So now, you can call me lǎoshī". lǎoshī means teacher. Wǒ shì lǎoshī. lǎoshī, nǐhǎo.

Skip to 1 minute and 4 secondszh. The front of your tongue initially touches the hard palate. So is the mouth shape here the same as with "sh"? Yes. Please try with me. zh. zh. zh. zhè means this. zh-e zhè. So can I say, zhè shì Zhū lǎoshī? Wow, quite good. You're so smart.

Skip to 1 minute and 35 secondsch. The airflow is stronger than zh. ch. ch. ch. chī is to eat in Chinese. ā,wǒ è le. So what do you use to eat? A knife and fork. Fork in Chinese is chā. ch-ɑ-chā Hmm. No sound like this exists in English. r, is that OK?

Skip to 2 minutes and 9 secondsQuite good. Thank you. But how do I actually produce this sound? Well, you raise the two sides of your tongue, and then your vocal cords should vibrate. r.

Skip to 2 minutes and 26 secondsYou said è le, right? You're hungry. What do you like to eat? Well, I like to eat meat. Meat in Chinese is ròu. r-ou-ròu.

Skip to 2 minutes and 39 secondsròu So does that mean I can say, Wǒ ài chī ròu. Exactly. Quite good. So now, can you read these four initials? No problem. zh, ch, sh, r. Very good, but zh, ch not "e" after them. So, zh, ch, sh, r.

Skip to 3 minutes and 13 secondsLet's practice some syllables. sh u shū , book; ch ɑ chá, tea; r e rè,hot; zhīdào zhīdào, to know.

Skip to 3 minutes and 31 secondsHere, zhī this is not "I". "I" cannot be put after zh, ch, sh, r. This is a special final. "-I" is after them. When you see it, you only have to read the initial and the tone on it. zhī.

Skip to 3 minutes and 53 secondszh, ch, sh, r. That's all what we learn in this video. See you next time.

Initials Ⅲ-1

We now only have seven initials left to learn.

To pronounce zh, ch, sh, r, you should use the raised tongue tip and the front part of the hard palate together.

  • sh, is similar to sh in the word “shy”. “lǎoshī” means teacher, “Wǒ shì lǎoshī。”means “I’m a teacher.”
  • zh, the front of your tongue initially touches the hard palate, the mouth shape here same as with sh. “zhè” which means “this”.
  • ch, similar to zh, but the airflow is stronger. “chī” which means “to eat”.
  • r, raise the two sides of your tongue, and then let your vocal cords vibrate.“ròu” which means “meat”.

Please note that i after zh ch sh r is silent. This is a special final –i used after them. When you see it, only have to read the initial and the tone on it.

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Introduction to Chinese: Pronunciation and Tone

Shanghai International Studies University (SISU)

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