Skip to 0 minutes and 9 secondsLǎoshī hǎo! Wǒ jiào Zàilín.Wǒ shì Hánguórén.

Skip to 0 minutes and 14 secondsNǐhǎo,Zàilín. Zhū lǎoshī, I have a question. I think "z zh j" are very difficult. I don't know what the difference is. z, zh, j.

Skip to 0 minutes and 29 secondsFor me, they sound the same. Don't worry. Many students feel the same way. Let's figure it out together in this video. Pay attention to the position of the tongue when you pronounce them. z, of the three sounds, for z, your tongue is forward the most. z. zh, the tongue is raised to touch the hard palate. zh. j, the tip of the tongue doesn't touch anything, but the upper surface of the tongue touches the upper jaw. j. z. z. zh, j. z, forward- the tip of the tongue must touch the teeth. Oh, touch the teeth, and can't move back. z. Good. Some words. zuòfàn, cook; zhuōzi, table; jiāyóu, add oil.

Skip to 1 minute and 36 secondsj, the surface of your tongue touches here. jiāyóu. jiāyóu. Yes. "jiā" is to add. "yóu" means oil. Add oil? So you have energy, to run faster, to do better. Cool! Yes. jiāyóu, we use it to encourage people, you can do it well. Now, let's practice two other groups of sounds whose pronunciation method is similar to z, zh, j. Jiāyóu! The first group is c, ch, q.

Skip to 2 minutes and 15 secondsc, cèsuǒ, toilet; ch, chēshǒu, rider.

Skip to 2 minutes and 23 secondschēshǒu. chēshǒu. ch, chē, chēshǒu.

Skip to 2 minutes and 32 secondschēshǒu. q, qiézi, eggplant.

Skip to 2 minutes and 37 secondsch, pay attention to the shape of your mouth. ch. ch. Good. chēshǒu. chēshǒu.

Skip to 2 minutes and 48 secondschē. chē. Good, in China, when we take a picture, we say qiézi. qiézi. Oh, like we say kimchi. Oh, I see. The next group is s, sh, x.

Skip to 3 minutes and 6 secondss, sān, three; sh, shān, mountain; x, xiàn, line.

Skip to 3 minutes and 20 secondsFor x, your tongue should be placed in the middle. Not touching the teeth and the upper palate. There shouldn't be a "s" sound at all. Have a try. s, sh, x.

Skip to 3 minutes and 35 secondsIs that right? Very good. Make sure you remember the different pronunciation positions. I think I should practice more with the words in place. Here you go. zhōngcān, Chinese food; xiānsheng, mister; shuìjiào, sleep; zàijiàn, good bye; qí zìxíngchē, bicycle riding. Chinese zìxíngchē. zìxíngchē.

Skip to 4 minutes and 10 secondschē.

Skip to 4 minutes and 14 secondschē. chūzūchē sījī, taxi driver.

Skip to 4 minutes and 20 secondschūzūchē sījī. chūzūchē sījī. Don't worry, it's even difficult for some Chinese people. Actually, there is a tongue twister to practice s, sh sound and the tones. Would you like to challenge yourself? I like challenges. Sì shì sì, shí shì shí. Shísì shì shísì. Sìshí shì sìshí.

Skip to 4 minutes and 50 secondsWow. That's like Mission Impossible. First, you can pronounce it clearly but slowly. Then speed up. Sì shì sì, shí shì shí. Shísì shì shísì. Sìshí shì sìshí.

Skip to 5 minutes and 6 secondsOh, I think it is too difficult for me to say fluently right now. You can practice after class. OK, I will. We'll see how you do next time. Zàijiàn!

Articulation position of z zh j

Xuē Zàilín,a student from South Korea thought that z zh j are very difficult. In this video, let’s figure it out together with her.

When you pronounce “z zh j” , pay attention to the position of the tongue. z.Your tongue should be the most forward of the three sounds.
zh. The tongue should be raised to touch the hard palate. j. The tip of the tongue doesn’t touch anything, but the upper surface of the tongue should touch the upper jaw.

Words for practicing: Click to listen

  • zuòfàn — cook; zhuōzi — table; jiāyóu — add oil
  • “jiā”means to add,“yóu”means oil. Like a car adding oil, you have energy, to run faster, to do better! So when you want to encourage people, you say “jiā yóu”, means “you can do it” !

Pronunciation method of c, ch, q and s, sh, x is similar to z, zh, j. Pay attention to x, your tongue should be placed in the middle, not touching the teeth and the upper palate. There shouldn’t be a ‘s’ sound at all.

Words for practicing: Click to listen

  • cèsuǒ — toilet; chēshǒu — rider; qiézi — eggplant.
  • zhōngcān — Chinese food; shuìjiào — sleep; zàijiàn — good-bye
  • qí zìxíngchē — ride a bicycle; chūzūchē sījī — taxi driver.
  • Tongue twister to practice s, sh sound and the tones:

Sì shì sì, shí shì shí. Shísì shì shísì. Sìshí shì sìshí.(4 is 4, 10 is 10, 14 is 14, 40 is 40)Click to listen You can first read it slowly but clearly, then try to read it faster.

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Introduction to Chinese: Pronunciation and Tone

Shanghai International Studies University (SISU)

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