Skip to 0 minutes and 6 secondsSo what's the future outlook on climate smart agriculture and other forms of sustainable farming? Well, the bad news is that even if we stop emitting greenhouse gases today, climate change will continue to happen for decades. So there is an inevitable need to adapt. It's all happening very, very slowly in terms of our life span. But if you down the line, 100 or 200 years, then the effects will be devastating. We won't experience it, but our grandchildren will. And they will not be happy. So I think we need to do is to move to an area where we are self-sufficient And therefore, as early as possible in food production and energy production, in particular.

Skip to 0 minutes and 48 secondsThere are lots of new techniques that viticulturists should use to mitigate the climate change. We have to use our scientific information to conduct the vineyard in a new way. The responsibility to adapt is not only with the farmers, but also with governments, the industry, and the consumer. Governments can get together and make agreements that limit our emissions of gases and other things into the atmosphere. More recently, the United Nations has got together and put limits on the amount of greenhouse gases we're emitting, for example, carbon dioxide and methane. Agriculture has a large potential to sequence the greenhouse gases. And exploiting this process offers an opportunity to limit the impacts of climate change on future food production.

Skip to 1 minute and 36 secondsFurthermore, and from the perspective of adaptation to climate change, farmers have always been adapting and adopting new techniques. There's no reason to believe that they will do otherwise in this instance. We have therefore every reason to be optimistic. Climate change of whatever origin with its increases in frequency of floods, droughts, desertification. Another extreme events is already having an impact on the agricultural productivity in many areas of the world. But to end on a positive note, it's also like that changes in climate may well lead to the opening up of new regions for forms of agriculture that are currently not possible. This is a fourth year in a row we've had an excellent crop.

Skip to 2 minutes and 18 secondsThe weather has just become more suited to grow in the varieties that we grow. Life is a lot easier. One approach that's been suggested is that we might have islands of intensification. So sustainable intensification, higher yielding cows that are housed year round that are producing milk more efficiently from the resources that we available. I'm optimistic about the future, as with PICSA. We've shown that you're able to use historical climate information mixed with seasonal forecasts, short-term forecasts, and locally specific options to help farmers to make evidence-based decisions and to improve their livelihoods.

Skip to 3 minutes and 3 secondsWe hope that throughout this course we can show you that there is not this one single solution that will solve all problems, but that there are different approaches to adapt agriculture and that each option has to be matched with the farm, a sector, a region or a value chain.

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The Future of Farming: Exploring Climate Smart Agriculture

University of Reading