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Skip to 0 minutes and 6 secondsCiao tutti, I'm Paolo, Paolo Capece, and [NON-ENGLISH SPEECH] I'm a phenologist. And what is phenology? Phenology is the science, the agrometeorological science that studies the phases of the plants and what happens with climate, with temperature, and what is the effect of the climate on the plant. Walking in this vineyard, you can appreciate the history of making wine. They usually, in tradition, put roses near the vineyards, because the rose is a species very sensible, especially in the past. If you're walking in this vineyard, you should also appreciate how a vineyard is made. In this case, is oriented in the south, because the strength of the sun is stronger if the direction is south, of course.

Skip to 1 minute and 12 secondsBecause we have on east side, no trees, because there is no strong wind. And in the west side, where the wind are stronger, they put high trees, to protect the vineyards. Before to plant a vineyard, we studied the history of the area. And we studied the climate, the soil, all the factor that permit to have a good vineyard. There are two type of technique. There is only the agroclimatic characterisation, and the full complete characterisation about land suitability and land capability. How is the exposition of the vineyard, the slope over the vineyard, and what's happen around the vineyard.

Skip to 2 minutes and 6 secondsAnd we should calculate that the bioclimatic index, who permit us to try to understand which are the varieties who fit better for that particular area. That information that you can obtain on a map about the agroclimatic characterisation, if you use only the climate information, or zoning map. If you're--as you put--as we were talking before, the soil information, the other information of the area. And you can use this information to replant all the vineyards, because every 30, 35 years old, a vineyard become older. So you have to change. So you can get a new variety for this area, who fits better. Now in this map you can see what is the Huglin Index.

Skip to 3 minutes and 10 secondsWith this Huglin Index you can have your own viticulture culture target. And you should choose your variety, and it depends of the temperature in this area with this morphology of the land. We really can put the better variety that you-- this preliminary map is not enough. You always have to work with an agronomist or another a technician to choose the other, the types. In Italy we have a lot of fruit and in France, too. To produce wine. And we have the [NON-ENGLISH] It's an assembly of rules that wine producers need to respect to have the wine. To guarantee the quality of the wine, because only with the taste, you can't know how a wine is made.

Skip to 4 minutes and 11 secondsWe have a specific rule from the production, and during the growing of the vineyard, about pathologies about treatment, about how much water you can add in summer. Because you can only add water and irrigation in extraordinary case, not to grow up the production. And we have particular limits also for the quantity of production. The temperature is the most important part of the weather about have grapes all over the world. Because the latitude is very important, and this strength of the sun is very important to obtain a good wine. And with climate change, the question is complicated.

Skip to 5 minutes and 12 secondsBecause of course, the traditional area who has rules, and strong rules, are studying new techniques to obtain a good wine without losing the quality of the European wine. So with the climate change, for example here the UK, if you start to produce wine, the pioneer doesn't have problem, but when we will be 100 or 1,000 of vineyards, of course you should have a strong rules, too, to guarantee quality for the wine, and especially to guarantee for the consumers, the quality of your wine. Because nobody should know what's happened in your vineyard.

Considerations for planting a vineyard

In this video, phenologist Paolo Capece speaks about different aspects to consider when planting a vineyard and how the production of wine is regulated in Europe.

Are you surprised by the number of factors, which have to be considered when producing wine? Let us know by posting in the comment area below. Remember you can also ‘like’ or reply to comments made by your fellow learners.

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This video is from the free online course:

The Future of Farming: Exploring Climate Smart Agriculture

University of Reading