Determinants of Organizational Creativity
Let us learn how an organization could encourage creativity performances of its employees by providing a conducive environment.
According to Andriopoulos (2001), there are five factors that have an influence on both the individual’s and the organization’s creative performance: the organizational climate, leadership style, organizational culture, resources and skills, and the structure and systems of organization.
The organizational climate is related to the atmosphere or feeling in the environment, where expression, participation, and creativity can be boosted. To create this climate, interaction barriers should be lowered, stimuli should be increased, the experiment should be encouraged, and building on early ideas should be allowed.
A democratic and participative leadership style is known to boost creativity. The leader’s vision is important for management, while effective communication through both formal and informal channels is also a key factor. What’s more, constant employee encouragement and conveying vision from the highest level to the lowest are also needed for managing creative individuals. In addition, leaders should be able to form effective workgroups, which involves trusting individuals from diverse backgrounds.
The term “Organizational Culture” refers to the deepest level of basic values, assumptions, and beliefs in a group. Those values are shared by all its members and are shown by the rites, language used, stories, legends and myths shared by all members. An environment of innovative and supportive people best encourages creativity. To create this environment, principles that everyone accepts should be set and a culture that encourages risk-taking should be developed. Moreover, individuals and teams with high autonomy can foster creativity.
“Resources and Skills” here emphasizes human resources. It is obvious that if organizations want to keep creative, they should hire people who are creative in their thinking processes. The managers of organizations also have to offer sufficient resources and training to boost creativity. Money and time are both key factors that should be provided to employees; this is discussed in the previous article “Sources of Creativity”.
“Structure and Systems” refers to both the formal and the informal processes within the company. The structure and systems truly enhance creativity when the organization wholeheartedly gives its support. To motivate creativity the structure of the organization should be flat to allow decisions at all levels, while evaluation should be supportive and informative. Only by integrating and allocating employees’ creative contributions to the right place where they can generate products, services, and processes, can creativity be used in the most effective way.
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Reference: Andriopoulos, C. (2001). Determinants of organisational creativity: a literature review. Management decision, 39(10), 834-841.
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