Skip to 0 minutes and 7 secondsSynectics is a problem-solving technique, that aims to promote creative thinking, typically among small groups of people of diverse expertise. Synectics is used both to facilitate problem solving, and to stimulate the creative process. central idea of Synectics is to tap into both the conscious and subconscious minds to create connections that might be overlooked with a purely rational approach. The term 'Synectics' is derived from a Greek word meaning 'bringing together ideas that may appear unrelated.' The principles of Synectics

Skip to 0 minutes and 48 secondsrevolve around 3 main assumptions: (1) Creativity is something that can be taught, rather than being innate. (2) The creative process is not limited to works of art but to scientific endeavours as well. (3) The creative process for an individual is the same as that taking place in a group setting. The theory embraces emotion over intellect, and encourages seemingly irrational creative impulses, to help take the creative process 'out of the box.' The integrated theory of Synectics involves intricate adjustments to everything from the context in which the creative process takes place to the state of mind of the participants. There are some tools you could try, to test out whether the theory works for you.

Skip to 1 minute and 43 secondsOne Synectic exercise is known as Forced Connections In this exercise you acquire two objects at random and attempt to find connections between them. This will take you 'off the beaten track' creatively, and help begin a thinking technique that may lead to other creative connections. Alternatively, you can look at the problem you are trying to solve, and try to connect that with the randomly-sourced objects you have found. Move on to the next section of this course to try it out.

Synectics

Synectics is a problem-solving technique, which aims to promote creative thinking, typically among small groups of people with diverse expertise.

The central idea of Synectics is to tap into both the conscious and subconscious minds to create connections that might with a purely rational approach be overlooked.

The principles of Synectics revolve around the following assumptions:

  1. Creativity is something that can be taught, rather than being innate
  2. The creative process is not limited to works of art, but to scientific endeavors as well
  3. The creative process for an individual is the same as that taking place in a group setting.

And its main features include:

  • emphasizes metaphor, imagery, emotion, energy, and procedural approaches that focus on private listings.

  • allows suspending judgment of the problem description
  • encourages alternative perceptions of the problem expressed again without challenge.
  • uses obvious irrelevant thoughts and images as clues to new ideas.
  • allows absurd ideas.
  • excursions to reproduce the phenomenon of getting new ideas from the vacuum.

Some common Synectics techniques include:

  1. ‘in-out thinking’: quickly writing down distracting thoughts to get them out of the mind.
  2. Excursions: when thinking gets stuck, a novel method is used to get new thinking going.
  3. Springboarding: a deliberate provocation that seeks to get others to build further on your idea.

In our next steps, we will practice Synectics through an exercise.

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This video is from the free online course:

Using Creative Problem Solving

National Chiao Tung University