Skip to 0 minutes and 7 secondsGood day and welcome back to Week One of our course in Creativity and Creative Problem Solving. Let's begin by discussing what creativity is. Being a relatively fluid and somewhat abstract concept It has no hard and fast definition that'd like to present to you. Rather, I'd like to ask some thought provoking questions, invite you to take part in some activities, join in some discussions, and hear from you what criteria you feel make something or someone creative. With these criteria, you could construct your own version of a definition of creativity. But why is it important to ask these questions and to study creativity in such detail? How can creativity help society?

Skip to 0 minutes and 58 secondsThat's where the creative problem solving aspect of the course comes in. Our society is facing increasingly complex problems, such as climate change, population ageing, and the substantial effects of globalization on everything, from migration patterns to popular modes of communication. Society must adapt to these new challenges. More and more, problems require creative multi-layered solutions. Complex problems require creative solutions, and it is for this reason that creativity is valued in both professional and personal contexts. And of course, one of the best rewards of practicing creativity is that it's fun, as I hope you will find through participating in this course.

Skip to 1 minute and 51 secondsTo me, creativity is an expression of self. It's when someone has an idea and they follow it through to create something. It can be something functional. It can be something just for fun or something just to be beautiful. But I think creativity is something that is born in the mind. What important that it's really created. Creativity for me in business as well as in art. It means that you use the resources that you're given or that you already have in a new and and useful way or even create new resources from them. And for something to be creative, it has to be easy to use as well. So if it's too complicated it's not creative enough.

Skip to 2 minutes and 39 secondsIn my opinion, I think creativity is the ability to make new things or think of new ideas. I define creativity as a process or an outcome which is either innovative or original in it's form. By that I mean that it doesn't necessarily have to be the product only, but also the process from which you will derive a product later on. So what is creativity? Let's look at some popular definitions. According to The Oxford English dictionaries, creativity is the use of imagination or original ideas to create something. The Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, defines "creativity is having the skill and ability to produce something new, especially a work of art." According to Guilford (1950), "Creativity is the characteristics of creative people."

Skip to 3 minutes and 38 secondsAccording to Stein (1953), "The creative work is a novel work that is accepted as tenable or useful or satisfying by a group in some point in time." What is common to these definitions and what makes them different Is creativity only present in creative people? How do we decide who is creative and who is not? The fourth definitions requires the product of creativity to be useful in order for it to be a creative object or process. Do you agree with this? What about works of art that have no direct function or arguably no usefulness? Is creativity a skill and ability that can be learned, or is it an inherent talent that is present from birth?

Skip to 4 minutes and 26 secondsWhat are the most important criteria for being able to say "yes! That is creativity?" Please allow time for some thought on these questions, and post your answers and ideas in the discussion that follows. Remember, there is no wrong answer, so please feel free to present any ideas as many as you wish. Enjoy, and see you in the next step.

What is creativity?

The notion of creativity is a highly subjective one, and people may have vastly different ideas about what it really is. Certain people may say that the design of the Apple iPhone was creative, others may not. Some may consider a piece of performance art as creative, others may not.

In this course, it is not our intention to give you a textbook definition of creativity, on which to base your subsequent thinking processes. We would like to invite you to form your own definition, and in doing so, reveal to yourself what preconceived ideas you may have about creativity.

For example, do you believe creativity is something people are born with, which cannot be learned or developed later in life? We aim to challenge these preconceived notions, and help you form your definition of creativity so it may grow and change throughout the course. We will begin this process by opening up some questions to you that you may discuss in the section that follows. Please watch this video with an open mind, and share your responses with your fellow-students.

Please watch this video with an open mind, and share your responses with your fellow students in the comments!

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This video is from the free online course:

Using Creative Problem Solving

National Chiao Tung University