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Skip to 0 minutes and 13 secondsCanals can serve a variety of purposes: irrigation, navigation, defence, water-power, flood mitigation, land-drainage and water-supply.

Skip to 0 minutes and 33 secondsThe following are areas of technology which may be of significance: The lining and waterproofing of the water channel; The engineering structures of the line with reference to comparative structural features in other areas of architecture and technology;

Skip to 0 minutes and 58 secondsCanals can serve a variety of purposes: irrigation, navigation, defence, water-power, flood mitigation, land-drainage and water-supply.

Skip to 1 minute and 10 secondsThe following are areas of technology which may be of significance: The lining and waterproofing of the water channel; the engineering structure of the line with reference to the comparative structure features in other area of architecture and technology The canals contribute to the economy in a variety of ways, in terms of economic development and the conveyance of goods and people. Canals were the first man-made routes for the effective carriage of bulk cargoes. Canals played and continue to play a key role in economic development through their use for irrigation. The following factors are important. So the national buildings, industrial development, development of engineering, skill apply to other areas and industries, and also tourism, agriculture, development, and generation and wealth.

Skip to 2 minutes and 23 secondsSo the building of canals had, and the operational continues to have social consequence. The redistribution of the wealth with social and cultural result. And the movement of people and the interaction of cultural groups.

Skip to 2 minutes and 46 secondsSuch large-scale engineering works had and continue to have an impact on the natural landscape. Related industrial activity and changing settlement patterns cause visible changes to landscape forms and patterns.

Skip to 3 minutes and 8 secondsSo I will talk about two examples, silk road, the routes network of the Changan Tianshan corridor. The next one relate to the canals is a grand canal.

Skip to 3 minutes and 22 secondsSo for the cultural routes, the silk road routes network of Changan Tianshan corridor is about five hundred kilometers section of the extensive six road network stretching from the Changan Luoyang, the central capital of China in the Han and Tang dynasties, to the Zhetysu region of Central Asia. It took shape between the 2nd century BC and 1st century AD and remained in use until the 16th century, linking multiple civilizations and facilitating far-reaching exchanges of activities in trade, religious beliefs, scientific technological innovation, cultural practices and the arts.

Skip to 4 minutes and 20 secondsThe thirty-three components included in the routes network include capital cities and palace complexes of various empires and Khan kingdoms, trading settlements, Buddhist cave temples, ancient paths, posthouses, passes, beacon towers, sections of The Great Wall, fortifications, tombs and religious buildings. Well, it is nice based on the civil criterion, for instance criterion two.

Skip to 5 minutes and 3 secondsSo, I'm not going to talk about all this criterion, just you can scan about the context of the criterion based on the criterion two and criterion three and also criterion five and criterion six. Well, in terms of the in other examples, The Grand Candles It formed the backbone of the Empire’s inland communication system, transporting grain and strategic raw materials, and supplying rice to feed the population. By the 13th century it consisted of more than 2,000 km of artificial waterways, linking five of China’s main river basins. It has played an important role in ensuring the country’s economic prosperity and stability and is still in use today as a major means of communication.

Skip to 6 minutes and 34 secondsSo the Grand Canal also based on civil outstanding universal value. I'm not going to talk about all these videos just have a glance issues on screen based on the criterion one. So in this section, I talk about the two important issues, linking about the cultural routes.

Heritage routes and heritage canals (2)

From this video, you will learn two examples of heritage routes and heritage canals, the routes network of the Changan Tianshan corridor and the Grand Canal.

Could you please point out why Dr. Zhang said the Grand Canal meets the civil outstanding universal value?

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