Skip to 0 minutes and 13 secondsIn this section, I mainly talk about another new concept, Industry Heritage.
Skip to 0 minutes and 23 secondsWell,Industrial heritage refers to the physical remains of the history of technology and industry, such as manufacturing and mining sites, as well as power and transportation infrastructure. Another definition expands this scope so that the term also covers places used for social activities related to industry such as housing, museums, education or religious worship, among other structures with values from a variety of fields in order to highlight the interdisciplinary character of industrial heritage. It is also argued that it includes the so-called sociofacts or aspects of social and institutional organizations and mentifacts that constitute the attitudinal characteristics and value systems industrial heritage sites. So some examples can be illustrated the industry heritage.
Skip to 1 minute and 33 secondsThe first one I would like to talk about is Ironbridge Gorge Ironbridge is bknown throughout the world as the symbol of the Industrial Revolution. It contains all the elements of progress that contributed to the rapid development of this industrial region in the 18th century, from the mines themselves to the railway lines. The bridge at Ironbridge, the world's first bridge constructed of iron, had a considerable influence on developments in the fields of technology and architecture. This side is in the great Britain.
Skip to 2 minutes and 13 secondsSo the building was based on civil criterion 4 instant criterion 1, It is a masterpiece of man's creativity genius in the same way was the average, which is the first mental bridge, the criterion 2 the Arab ridge exerted great influence on the development of technique and architecture. So there are several pictures shows sites look like today, just like if you travel there just like the time travel. Very interesting. The sites also based on the criterion 4 Provides a fascinating summary of the development of an industrial region in modern times. Mining centres, transformation industries, manufacturing plants, workers' quarters and transport networks are sufficiently well preserved to make up a coherent ensemble whose educational potential is considerable.
Skip to 3 minutes and 20 secondsThere's another example is Derwent village mills. The Derwent Valley in central England contains a series of 18th- and 19th- century cotton mills and an industrial landscape of high historical and technological interest. The modern factory owes its origins to the mills at Cromford, where Richard Arkwright's inventions were first put into industrial-scale production. The workers' housing associated with this and the other mills remains intact and illustrate the socio-economic development of the area.
Skip to 4 minutes and 7 secondsWell, this sign also based on several cotton regions for criterion 2 The Derwent Valley saw the birth of the factory system, when new types of building were erected to house the new technology for spinning cotton developed by Richard Arkwright in the late 18th century. Criterion 4 in this village. For the first time there was a large scale industry production in rural landscape. The lead to provide housing and other facilities for workers and managers resulted in the creation of the first modern industry settlements.
Skip to 4 minutes and 53 secondsThere is a picture shows the factory look like in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Skip to 5 minutes and 1 secondSo, another example is the sort of Japan's Meiji industrial revolution, Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining So the third example is the sort of japan's Meiji industry revolution. So which based on the criterion 2 and criterion 4, Meiji on the World Heritage List in two thousand fifteen which triggers a hit is discussion I will talk about later. The site encompasses a series of twenty three component parts, mainly located in the southwest of Japan. It bears testimony to the rapid industrialization of the country from the middle of the 19th century to the early 20th century, through the develpment of iron and steel industry Shipbuilding and Coal Mining The site illustrates the process by which feudal Japan sought technology transfer
Skip to 6 minutes and 14 secondsand how this technology was adapted to the country’s needs and social traditions. The site testifies to what is considered to be the first successful transfer of Western industrialization to a non-Western nation. Well, it is based on the Criterion 2 and the Criterion 4. however you know, there's a big issues triggered between Japan and Chinese. And so there is a kind of big issues happened, because of this listing between Korea, China, and Japan. The key issue is that the japan only address the significant issues about importance of this size to the world.
Skip to 7 minutes and 11 secondsThey didn't mention about, because it is always a bright side, not about the dark side, because they're using some Chinese neighbors and the Korean neighbors, which is a very dark history and which link into the military operations. The japan's nomination did not mention that, which is not acceptable for the Korean and Chinese people. So this picture shows are important components in this nomination. The Mitsubishi company buy this land for the coal mining. However, you know they are using Korean however they are using career minor illegally, however, didn't address in the nomination tosses. So you need to rethink about so what heritage it is about outstanding universal value for the all human beings.
Skip to 8 minutes and 15 secondsHowever, in terms of the this japan's nominations, they only shows the bright sides for the Japan, but didn't mention about the dark side for the Chinese people, for the Korean people. So from my perspective, maybe that is not the whole story for the nomination. If you interested to read more things about industry, heritage. please see those references So in this section, I talk about the new concept of the industry heritage and gave several example for that.
Physical remains of the history of technology and industry
By the end of this video, you will have a good understanding of physical remains of the history of technology and industry from Dr. Rouran Zhang.
Recent academic research has questioned the Japanese government’s compliance with UNESCO regulations and requirements with respect to the Hashima site.
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