Skip to 0 minutes and 14 secondsIn this section follow up to the previous section. I'm going to talk about civil example of cultural landscape. Well, the first example I would like to talk about is Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park in Australia. It is listed as a mixed site at 1987, and then change to the cultural landscape site in 1994 based on the criteria 5, 6, 7, and 8. So the Uluru-Kata Tjuta, this part formerly called Uluru National Park. features spectacular geological formations that dominate the vast red sandy plain of central Australia. Uluru, an immense monolith, and Kata Tjuta, the rock domes located west of Uluru, form part of the traditional belief system of one of the oldest human societies in the world.
Skip to 1 minute and 17 secondsThe traditional owners of Uluru-Kata Tjuta are the Anangu Aboriginal people. The park was first added to the list in 1987, when the international community recognised its spectacular geological formations, rare plants and animals, and outstanding natural beauty. In 1994, UNESCO also recognised the park’s cultural landscape the unique relationship between the natural environment and the belief system of Anangu, one of the oldest societies on earth. The Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park is one of only a few dozen places in the world to have received a dual World Heritage listing (and one of only four in Australia). Which means it is not only a mixed property，but also the nature landscape.
Skip to 2 minutes and 17 secondsThe Parks Australia has a responsibility to protect the park’s World Heritage values for the benefit of everyone. We work with Anangu to do this, using a combination of traditional knowledge and modern science to care for country. The park’s rock art sites have many Ayers of pictures, symbols and figures painted on top of each other. This is because the same sites have been used in Anangu education for ten thousands of years The rock surfaces are like a classroom blackboard that a teacher has used to illustrate a lesson, and only those who attend the class can fully undertand the notes left behind. Anangu rarely create new rock art now.
Skip to 3 minutes and 16 secondsHowever, they still use the old rock art and sand drawings (along with paintings on canvas) to teach creation stories and ensure the continuation of knowledge. people are believed to have lived in the Uluru region for at least 30,000 years. The rock art is an important historical and scientific record of human occupation in this area.
Skip to 3 minutes and 45 secondsSo Uluru-Kata Tjuta is an outstanding example of a traditional human type of settlement and land-use, namely hunting and gathering, that dominated the entire Australian continent up to modern times; shows the interactions between humans and their environment; It is in large part the outcome of millenia of management using traditional Anangu methods governed You can see from the sign that because of this this part is management by the original peoples and also the government. So these signs means that because there's some special meanings for local peoples they don't want the tourists to take photos.
Skip to 4 minutes and 37 secondsSo there is a sign the people used to climb up to the Ayers Rock the people used to climb up to theAyers Rock Ayers Rock because it is a tremendous is the biggest rock in the world to have the good views about Australia desert. But now it is forbidden because the rock is very secret for the local people. So tourists should be respect to their culture. It is one of relatively few places in Australia where landscapes are actively managed by Aboriginal communities on a substantial scale
Skip to 5 minutes and 17 secondsusing traditional practices and knowledge that include: particular types of social organisation, ceremonies rituals which form an adaptation to the fragile and unpredictable ecosystems of the arid landscape detailed systems of ecological knowledge that closely parallel, yet differ from, the Western scientific classification; And management techniques to conserve biodiversity such as the use of fire and the creation and maintenance of water sources such as wells and rockholes. Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park is directly and tangibly associated with events, living traditions, ideas and beliefs of outstanding universal significance.
Skip to 6 minutes and 15 secondsThe World Heritage values include: the continuing cultural landscape of Uluru and Kata Tjuta National Park which is imbued with the values of creative powers of cultural history throughthe phenomenon of sacred sites; the associated powerful religious, artistic and cultural qualities of this cultural landscape; and the network of ancestral tracks established during the Tjukurpa in which Uluru and Kata Tjuta are meeting points. Well, there were because I have been there in two thousand and sixteen. So there are several things I recommend you to do during your visit. First there is some artists, the design some nice you're here you can see from the night here and also the skies, the sky is nice So it's fabulous.
Skip to 7 minutes and 18 secondsand also, as I said before, now if you want to take a look at the Uluru, you need to take a circle around the the rock. It is about ten kilometers But you just follows the route of the original peoples. you can feel you are part of the original people. So that is also a very good thing. And you can see from this picture is that actually, my wife and I we are taking wedding photos here because I feel that it is a very secret place. We want to our photo ceremony is over here, and I also propose to my wife in this secret place And this is some pictures from my journey and kind of wedding experience serious.
Skip to 8 minutes and 11 secondsAnd you can see from this spectacular photos And you can see from this spectacular photos And you can see from this spectacular photos and you can see that we are wearing the shoes and covered by the sand is very unique experiences. And we are shooting photos with different dresses and with a rock and with the dress spectacular, the environment and the people integrate together. And this is a place I proposed to my wife. Well, this is my favorite part for the Kata Tjuta ,taking time to pause and circle round to this site. The sunrise or the sunset is always memorable, but experience of it, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park,take the experiences to a whole new level.
Skip to 9 minutes and 12 secondsThe national park has five viewing areas dedicated to . experiencing and photographing this beautiful scene But there are plenty of other quiet spots around the park to take in the sunrise or sunset This is a picture I took in the Uluru park and this dedicate sunrise and sunset view areas are located so that the stone hit the rock and formation directly at the time of the day, making them appear to change the color. There is a different kind of current is very sacred and unique.
Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park
By the end of this video, you will have a good understanding of Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park from Dr. Rouran Zhang.
Referring to the content of this video, what do you think is the value of cultural landscape? If the cultural heritage disappears, what impact will it have on our lives?
Please feel free to leave a comment in the comments section and let us know your different opinions.
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