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Skip to 0 minutes and 13 seconds In this section, follow up from the previous section, I’m going to talk about Westlake culture landscape in Hangzhou. to talk about its culture Landscape value . I am very familiar with this side. because I use this as my PHD case studies The west lake cultural landscape of Hangzhou comprising the west lake and the hills surrounding is free sites. The inspired famous poets, scholars, artistic things and centuries it compromise enormous temples, pagoda pavilion gardens, as well as causeways and artificial island.

Skip to 0 minutes and 55 seconds These additional have been made to improve landscape west of the city of Hangzhou to the south of the Yangzi river The west lake has influenced garden design in the rest of China as well as Japan and Korea over the centuries and bears exceptional testimony to the culture traditional of the improving landscape to create a series of vistas reflecting are analyzed fusion between human and nature. West lake is surrounded on the three island by the cult climb hills on the fourth of the city of Hangzhou. Its beauty has been celebrated by writers ,artistic since the Tang dynasty.

Skip to 1 minute and 41 seconds In order to make it more beautiful, its islands, causeways and the lower slopes of its hills have been ‘improved’ by the addition of numerous temples, pagodas, pavilions, gardens and ornamental trees which merge with farmed landscape. The main artificial elements of the lake, two causeways and three islands were created from repeated dredgings between the 9th and 12th centuries. On 24 June 2011, UNESCO inscribed the West Lake Cultural Landscape of Hangzhou to the World Heritage List, claiming that it ‘bears an exceptional testimony to the cultural tradition of improving landscapes to create a series of vistas reflecting an idealised fusion between humans and nature’, based on criteria (ii), (iii) and (vi) .

Skip to 2 minutes and 38 seconds Since the Southern Song Dynasty ten poetically named scenic places have been identified as embodying idealised, classic landscapes - that manifest the perfect fusion between man and nature. West Lake is an outstanding example of a cultural landscape that display with great clarity the ideals of Chinese landscape aesthetics, as expounded by writers and scholars in Tang and Song Dynasties. The landscape of West Lake had a profound impact on the design of gardens not only in China but further inluence other places, like Japan and Korea where lakes and causeways imitated the harmony and beauty of West Lake.

Skip to 3 minutes and 31 seconds The key component of West Lake still allow it inspire people to project building onto landscape the visual parameters of these vast landscape gardens, clearly defined rising to reach of the surrounding hills, as viewed from the Hangzhou. We can see from this picture is that, you know, this is West lake, this is a Kunming lake in summer palace. And the design of the Kunming lake is actually influenced by the West Lake. The criterion 2 As I already mentioned the summer palace, it is about cultural exchange.

Skip to 4 minutes and 23 seconds The improved landscape of West Lake can be seen to reflect Buddhist ideals imported into China from India such as ‘Buddhist peacefulness’ and ‘nature as paintings’, and in turn it had a major influence on landscape design in East Asia. Its causeways, islands, bridges, temples, pagodas and well defined views, were widely copied over China notably in the summer Palace at Beijing and in Japan,Korea. The notion of ten poetically named scenic places persisted for seven centuries all over China and also spread to the Korean peninsula after the 16th century when Korean intellectuals made visits to the West Lake.

Skip to 5 minutes and 15 seconds The West Lake landscape is an exceptional testimony to the very specific cultural tradition of improving landscapes to create a series of ‘pictures’ that reflect what was seen as a perfect fusion between people and nature, a tradition that evolved in the Tang and Song Dynasties and has continued its relevance to the present day. The ‘improved’ West Lake, with its exceptional array of man-made causeways, islands, bridges, gardens, pagodas and temples, against a backdrop of the wooded hills, can be seen as an entity that manifests this tradition in an outstanding way.

Skip to 6 minutes and 5 seconds and also based on the criteria six, that intangible values that The Tang and Song culture of demonstrating harmony between man and nature by improving the landscape to create pictures of great beauty, captured by artists and given names by poets, is highly visible in the West Lake Landscape, with its islands, causeways, temples, pagodas and ornamental planting. The value of that tradition has persisted for seven centuries in West Lake and has spread across China and into Japan and Korea So this is show some the best of the ten scenic places in West Lake

Skip to 6 minutes and 54 seconds Since the Southern Song Dynasty ‘Poetically Named Scenic Places’ emerged, which are called the ‘Xihushijing in English is ‘Ten Poetically Named Scenic Places of West Lake’ which issues on the screen is two of the a ten pointed scenic places The series of ten scenic places were contributed to by many scholars and artists from the 13th to 18th centuries, which include these two areas , Sudichunxiao,Santanyingyue as shows on the screen

West Lake cultural landscape (1)

By the end of this video, you will have a good understanding of West Lake Cultural Landscape from Dr. Rouran Zhang.

What are the similarity and difference between the West Lake cultural landscape and the lake landscape sites in your hometown?

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