Introduction to legislation and regulations
In this section, we will look at the legislation that has been enacted to protect online data transactions and to prevent the cyber-crimes that could potentially occur during those transactions.
There are two levels of legislation: national and international.
National legislation and regulations
These are most prominently used in the United Kingdom for data protection and the prevention of cyber crimes. Examples of such regulations are:
- The Computer Misuse Act
- The Data Protection Act
International legislation and regulations
These contain all the acts that apply to international level regarding the processing, storing and exchange of data in web transaction that involve intercontinental processes. Representative examples of those regulations are:
- General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
- EU–US Privacy Shield
- Network and Information Systems (NIS) regulations
Let’s examine the legislations in more detail in the next steps.
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