Skip to 0 minutes and 17 secondsOK, so my questioning. So I do lots of questioning during the lesson. And it's my sort of assessment, I guess, and it informs me what the children have learned and what I need to do in my next lesson. It's mostly from the questioning I get what my next lesson is going to be. Right. OK. For science today, we are learning something new. OK? I've got loads of different things on the tuff tray in the middle of our carpet. And what I would you like you to do-- OK, because these are clues to what we're today in science.

Skip to 0 minutes and 55 secondsAnd what I would like to do is, in your talking partner, I want you to name as many things as you can see in the tuff tray. OK? I'm going to give you 10 seconds. Off you go. [ALL CHILDREN TALKING AT ONCE]

Skip to 1 minute and 18 secondsRight. So I've got a picture of a foal. I've got a picture of a duckling, a calf, a piglet. I've got flowers. I've got books about seeds. I have books about tadpoles and how they grow. I've got a nest with eggs. I've got some daffodils and some chicks. Turn to your partner. What are we learning about, this afternoon? What is our learning objective, this afternoon? Turn to the person next to you. It's all right. Come up with as many as you can. [ALL CHILDREN TALKING AT ONCE]

Skip to 2 minutes and 10 secondsOK, well, one of the main aims of the lesson was, for me, partly to differentiate, according to the multiplication, those children that could do multiplication, whether it was the twos-fives-tens, which is the Year 2 expectations, challenging the highers into the 3 times table. We've been working on that. And the element of then division. Could any of them use the inverse law? And it was through the level of questioning, who I directed questions to, use of talk partners, so that, within their groupings, there were certain lower-ability children or less-confident children in speaking partnered with higher attainers-- children that were confident to talk-- so they could learn together.

Skip to 2 minutes and 55 secondsAnd then I had certain children that I knew I needed to engage, too, near me, so that I could lead the questioning and scaffold, for them, the methods that they could use. I would like boys versus girls. So, girls, you're going to sit on that side of the room. Boys, you're coming to this side of the room. Face each other. And I'm going to get my splat hands ready. Five, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60. Fantastic. Stop there. Before you tell me, whisper to a partner, what did you notice about the end of all those numbers? What do the numbers end in? What's the clue?

Skip to 3 minutes and 42 seconds[ALL CHILDREN TALKING AT ONCE] Five, zero, five, zero, five, zero, five, zero, five, zero, five, zero, five, zero--

Skip to 3 minutes and 56 secondsRight. We're going to up the challenge. We're going to see if we can do it in threes. Do you think we're ready? Boys, do you want to go first, or second? Let's go first. First? Going to start with three. Are you ready, girls? Ready? Three, six, nine, 12, 15, 18, 20-- 21-- Just check at 18. 19, 20, twenty-- 21! 21. 24, 27, 30, 33, 36-- And stop there. Everyone give yourselves a whoosh! Whoosh! Amazing! And we are going to be sorting multiplication questions into true or false. And so we've got four to tackle together before we go to our table challenges. Right. I'm coming around to help you and ask tricky questions, as we go.

Skip to 5 minutes and 2 secondsOne-- Two.

Skip to 5 minutes and 11 secondsThrough questioning, it almost generates more questions. And then that helps us with our planning for the next lesson. So we've got three questions, haven't we, which will help us with our planning for next Monday-- our next science lesson. And we'll use those as key questions. So, things like "How does the egg get back together again, when it's inside the mother?" So I think one child had the idea that the egg cracks, and then it-- yeah. And then it-- Reforms. [LAUGH] Yeah. And then we had some statements. So maybe there's more than one egg inside the mother-- inside a mammal. And "There's not an egg. It just comes out." So we've got these three statements.

Skip to 5 minutes and 52 secondsSo what we like to do is write down some of the key questions which will lead on to our next lesson, which will be all about the reproduction process. So-- Yeah. And that-- again, it's that whole ownership thing. So, even though we do know that the next lesson is going to be about fertilisation-- it's going to be about fertilisation-- we can pick out the key sort of questions they had and start to focus in on those. And then that will mean that they actually care about what they're learning about, rather than just-- And actually writing their name next to these questions or statements, they feel like, "Oh, that's what I said!"

Skip to 6 minutes and 24 secondsAnd then it almost builds that class-community thing-- Exactly, yeah, it pulls it together. --let's find out actually the answers to these statements and questions. When the egg cracked-- Yeah? --how does it get back together again?

Skip to 6 minutes and 39 secondsOh-- interesting! I like that. Why-- why do bees have wings? "Why do bees have wings?" Do you think you know the answer? Why do you think they have wings? Maybe because they have to fly from plant to plant for pollen. So they need to fly from plant to plant to get pollen? So do you think you have the answer to your question?

Primary examples of diagnostic activities

Here we meet Micaela, Jane B, Gemma & Tom and see them using different diagnostic activities.

We see:

  • Micaela using visual stimuli (0:38), talk partners (1:05, 1:50) and questions (1:19) during carpet time with a Year 1 class (5 year olds)
  • Jane B using questioning (2:29) and talk partners (3:03) with a Year 2 class (6 and 7 year olds)
  • Gemma and Tom collecting questions asked by children during the learning (5:12) with a Year 5 class (9 and 10 year olds)

We will meet them again later in the course and see how they differentiated the learning for their children.

Although these examples are from primary classrooms it is important to realise that they could be also be applied in any context.

The videos in this and the previous step show our teachers using a range of different strategies in their classrooms. On Step 2.8 we will ask:

  • What do you think were the reasons the teachers used these activities and how have the strategies helped the teachers identify what to do next to support their students?
  • Think about how you might successfully use similar approaches and in what circumstances?

Bear these questions in mind as you watch the videos. For now use the comments on this page to record anything you found particularly striking.

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This video is from the free online course:

Teaching STEM Subjects: Differentiation for Learning

National STEM Learning Centre