The Asian Tsunami and the Hyogo Framework for Action
On 26 December 2004, the world’s media brought shocking footage of a tsunami that killed 227,000 in 14 countries across the Indian Ocean. This included 9,000 foreign tourists from dozens of other nations, making it the worst single disaster in terms of geographical reach.
Just three weeks after the Asian Tsunami of 2004, countries from around the globe came together in Kobe, Hyogo, Japan for the second World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction. The timing served to bring the international community’s activities on DRR to the attention of the global public, whose attention was still drawn in the aftermath of the tsunami.
The outcome of the conference, the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015 (HFA), was the most far-reaching international document highlighting actions for DRR (UNISDR 2005).
HFA outlined five priorities for action and offered guiding principles and practical means for reducing disaster risk:
- Governance: ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and a local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation.
- Risk identification: identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning.
- Reduce the underlying risk factors.
- Knowledge: use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels.
- Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels.
A global platform was developed to share experience on DRR among UNISDR parties. National platforms were also developed to track efforts in the implementation of DRR strategies made in each country. Finally, a reporting process was established through the voluntary submission of national reports on progress regarding the implementation of HFA.
In your opinion did the Indian Ocean Tsunami have a positive or negative influence on the HFA, give a reason for your answer.
UNISDR (2005) Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 [online] available from https://www.unisdr.org/2005/wcdr/intergover/official-doc/L-docs/Hyogo-framework-for-action-english.pdf [18 December 2019]
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