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Successful action plan development

It has been noted that Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and Least Developed Countries (LDCs) who face the most complex risks posed by global and environmental change, disasters and climate risks tend to be more likely to develop coherent and integrated strategies.

Such strategies are largely a result of limited resources, in terms of expert practitioners, and an urgent need to implement protective interventions.

The island nation of Tonga set a good example of a coherent and integrated national action plan for climate change and disaster risk management in 2010, the revised version now covering 2018-2028.

Mall et al. (2019) evaluate the approach taken and the challenge experienced across eight Asian countries to develop integrated DRR and CCA strategies.

An example of these was the government of Afghanistan, who with support from the World Development Bank and GFDRR has looked to integrate strategic risk reduction with international development policies and plans across a range of sectors - agriculture, fisheries, education, tourism and infrastructure.

Sectors where the integration of disaster risk reduction is necessary include:

Sectors needing to mainstream DRR DRM is integrated into
Agriculture Legal and normative frameworks.
Building and construction Use of risk information in national and sectoral policy.
Education Codes for built environment.
Energy Standard operating procedures in each sector.
Environment Land-use planning.
Finance Financing and budgeting for investment in DRR.
Health Preparedness and emergency response planning in each sector.
Planning Accountability mechanisms.
Telecommunication Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms.
Tourism Planning for recovery, reconstruction and rehabilitation.

Your task

Thus far we have made no reference to the fact that the current Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction contains no reference or guidance as to the challenges of implementing DRR in conflict-affected countries.

Read section 3.3 (page 20) from:

Peters, K., Peters, L.E.R., Twigg, J., and Walch, C. (2019) Disaster risk reduction strategies: navigating conflict contexts. [online] available from https://www.odi.org/publications/11341-disaster-risk-reduction-strategies-navigating-conflict-contexts [18 December 2019]

In your opinion, how effectively can the generic approach to the development of national DRR strategies be translated into conflict-affected countries?

This review is part of a wider project.


Mall, R., Srivastava, K., Banerjee, R., Mishra, T., Bhatt, O., and Sonkar, P. (2019) ‘Disaster Risk Reduction Including Climate Change Adaptation Over South Asia: Challenges and Ways Forward’. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science 10 (1), 14-27.

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This article is from the free online course:

Disaster Risk Reduction: An Introduction

Coventry University