Progress after Hyogo
Broadly, the Hyogo Framework for Action proved to be an influential and useful normative framework for guiding global effort towards disaster risk reduction.
It facilitated more comprehensive approaches to disaster risk reduction as opposed to piecemeal efforts (Kishore 2009).
Kishmore (2009) made clear that many interventions made under the priorities for action were not explicit about how they contribute to the achievement of the overall intended outcome of the framework, that of a:
- Substantial reduction of disaster losses, in lives and in the social, economic and environmental assets of communities and countries.
There was evidence of greater investment in disaster risk reduction. An external review of national progress documents against the HFA revealed that the majority of sub-national interventions focused on risk assessment, preparedness and planning to respond to emergencies (Tozier de la Poterie 2015), recovery efforts and the implementation of early warning systems. This was perhaps a legacy influence from the tsunami that immediately preceded the HFA’s inception.
Progress in reducing vulnerability
The risk assessments undertaken were often single or collective hazard assessments (rather than integrated multi-hazard assessments) not suited to identifying, assessing, and reducing social vulnerability. A much greater effort was still needed to understanding this area of vulnerability.
Vulnerability analysis in terms of intersectional relationships was rarely undertaken. For example, initial data from national reports indicated that 62 out of 70 countries did not even collect gender dis-aggregated vulnerability and capacity information. The application of the label ‘vulnerable’ to women effectively excluded them from many decision-making platforms. Despite the Millennium Development Goals for gender equality, DRR was struggling to engage effectively with women.
Kishore (2009) Literature review: Mid-Term Review, Hyogo Framework for Action [online] available from https://www.unisdr.org/files/18197_000kishore.literaturereview.pdf [17 December 2019]
Tozier de la Poterie, A., and Baudoin, M. (2015) ‘From Yokohama to Sendai: Approaches to Participation in International Disaster Risk Reduction Frameworks’. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science 6 (2), 128-139
UNISDR (2011) Hyogo framework for action 2005–2015 mid-term review. http://www.unisdr.org/we/inform/publications/18197 [17 December 2019]
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