Skip to 0 minutes and 8 secondsConjugation of the regular verb. You will learn how to conjugate regular verbs in the present tense.

Skip to 0 minutes and 17 secondsHere you see some sentences with conjugated verbs-- like "woon" in "ik woon in Groningen", "werken" in "wij werken hier", and "werkt" in "zij werkt niet".

Skip to 0 minutes and 36 secondsA few more examples. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Ik houd van sport. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Ze studeert daar. Zij wonen in Denemarken.

Skip to 0 minutes and 48 secondsYou may already know some verbs, like these common ones. "werken", "wonen", "studeren", "spreken", "lopen".

Skip to 1 minute and 1 secondHow should we conjugate these verbs to ensure subject verb agreement? We start with the infinitive form, mostly ending on -en. Next, we remove this ending, leaving us with the stem of the verb. Finally, we add the appropriate personal ending.

Skip to 1 minute and 29 secondsHere, we see the verb "werken", and the stem is "werk". For the first singular person pronoun, we just leave it that way. But for the second and the third person, we add -t. So "ik werk", but "jij werkt", "u werkt", "hij / zij / het werkt".

Skip to 1 minute and 55 secondsIn a scheme, first, the "ik", just the stem. Second, "jij en je". That's stem plus -t. Third, "hij", "zij, "het", also stem plus -t.

Skip to 2 minutes and 14 secondsAnd now for the easy part, the plural forms. As you can see, we only use one form for all plural subjects This is the stem plus -en, which in fact is simply just the infinitive.

Skip to 2 minutes and 31 secondsOne final point about the verb. When the verb precedes the pronoun "jij" or "je", the -t is eliminated. So "Jij werkt in Den Haag", normal conjugation but "Werk jij", or "Nu werk jij in Den Haag" here you see that the -t after the stem has disappeared. This is only the case before the pronoun "jij" or "je".

Watch and read: regular verbs

Watch the video about regular verbs in Dutch and read the explanation below.

Conjugation of the regular verb in the present tense

The infinitive form of a verb mostly ends with –en. In order to conjugate a verb this ending is removed, leaving the stem of the verb, to which the appropriate personal endings are then added.

Singular

Ik stem
Jij/je-u stem + t
Hij-zij/ze-het stem + t

For example: infinitive form: werken, the stem is: werk.

Ik werk
Jij/je-u werkt
Hij-zij/ze-het werkt

Plural

The plural has the same form as the infinitive.

For example: infinitive form: werken

Wij/we werken
Jullie werken
Zij/ze werken

Exception: When the verb precedes the pronoun jij or je, its -t gets lost.

For example:

Jij werkt in Den Haag. You work in Den Haag.
Werk jij in Den Haag? Do you work in Den Haag?

Practise with Quizlet

Would you like to practise Dutch grammar? Please visit our grammar section on regular verbs on Quizlet (if you prefer Quizlet to open in a separate window, click the CTRL key while clicking the link).

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Introduction to Dutch

University of Groningen

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