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Skip to 0 minutes and 8 secondsWe'll look at the conjugation of verb "gaan" and how to use it to express the future tense. First the present tense of this verb. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Ik ga. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Jij - je - u gaat. Hij - zij - het gaat. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Wij - jullie - zij gaan.

Skip to 0 minutes and 33 secondsThe verb "gaan" behaves like a modal verb, so the construction follows the same pattern. Conjugated verb second position plus the infinitive-- the action verb-- at the end the sentence. So "gaan" in the second position and the action verb at the end, like in [DUTCH SPOKEN] Ik ga hardlopen. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Over een half uur ga ik sporten. We gaan in de stad wandelen. So now let's look at the meaning of the sentences with this verb. Sentences with "gaan" and an action verb express an intention like "going to." [DUTCH SPOKEN] Wat gaan jullie doen? We gaan veel wandelen. [DUTCH SPOKEN] Ik ga in de bibliotheek studeren. We gaan de andere mensen van de groep mailen.

Watch and read: future tense with "gaan"

Watch the video about the future tense with gaan and read the explanation below.

Future tense with gaan

The verb gaan (to go) can be used to express an intention or a future tense.

This is the present tense of gaan:

ik ga
jij-je-u gaat
hij-zij-het gaat
wij-we gaan
jullie gaan
zij-ze gaan

Construction

The verb gaan behaves like a modal verb and so the construction follows the same pattern:

subject – gaan – rest – action verb

For example:

Ik ga hardlopen. I am going to run.
Over een half uur ga ik sporten. In half an hour I am going to do some exercise.
We gaan in de stad wandelen. We are going to walk in the city.

Meaning

Sentences with gaan and an action verb express an intention, like ‘going to’:

Wat gaan jullie doen? What are you going to do?
Ik ga in de bibliotheek studeren. I am going to study in the library.

Practise with Quizlet

Would you like to practise Dutch grammar? Please visit our grammar section on the future tense with ‘gaan’ on Quizlet (if you prefer Quizlet to open in a separate window, click the CTRL key while clicking the link).

Do you have any questions about Dutch grammar? Follow the links below for more information. Share your comments and questions in the discussion below.

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This video is from the free online course:

Introduction to Dutch

University of Groningen

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