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Skip to 0 minutes and 6 secondsHow shall we greet each other when arriving and when leaving? On arriving, we have several forms-- "Hallo", "Hoi", "Dag" "Goedendag", "Goedemorgen", "Goedemiddag", "Goedenavond".

Skip to 0 minutes and 28 seconds"Hallo" and "Hoi" are more informal forms. "Dag" is neutral and could be used any time of the day. But the last three forms, one has to match with the time of the moment. On leaving, there's also a variation-- , "Hoi", "Doei", "Doeg". These are informal and used amongst friends. "Dag!", again, neutral and can be used at any time and everywhere. "Tot ziens" like, see you, but can be used in quite formal occasions, as well. "Tot maandag" "Tot" means until, and then you can make your own variation. And the more neutral and formal forms "Goedendag". "Goedemorgen", "Goedemiddag", "Goedenavond".

Skip to 1 minute and 22 secondsSo notice the difference between the formal and informal. The informal forms have variations, differing in region and time, and they're nearly sung like "Doei", "Doeidoei". There's some forms that can be just on arriving as well as leaving. "Hoi", "Dag", "Goedendag", and specifying the moment, "Goedemorgen", "Goedemiddag", "Goedenavond"

Watch and read: greeting someone

Watch the video about greetings in Dutch.

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This video is from the free online course:

Introduction to Dutch

University of Groningen

Course highlights Get a taste of this course before you join:

  • Listen and repeat
    Listen and repeat
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    Practise your speaking skills in Dutch: watch the video, listen carefully and repeat. The phrases are from the dialogues of week 1 of this course.

  • Watch and read: the time
    Watch and read: the time
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    Watch and/or read about the principles of telling the time, with practical phrases, in Dutch.

  • Microphone
    Authentic audio samples
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    Listen to learners of Dutch talking about themselves. Do you recognize some of it? And: an invitation and tool to send audio with you speaking Dutch!