The US emergency preparedness framework
Another example of a preparedness framework is that used in the USA. Despite having many similarities to the UK framework, there are differences in approach which affect how incidents are managed.
The disaster management response in the US is managed through the Federal Emergency Management Agency, FEMA. That works with the state emergency responders to manage events such as Hurricane Maria and the Californian bush fires, which you looked at last week.
First, read three sections from the ‘FEMA National Disaster Recovery Framework, second edition’ (Homeland Security 2016):
- Roles and responsibilities (pages 9–21)
- Core capabilities (pages 24–32)
- Coordinating structures and integration (pages 33–42)
Second, look at this CNN report ‘Irma: A hurricane for the history books (CNN 2017)’.
Investigate further how the US arrangements operated by FEMA were applied in the response to Hurricane Irma.
Based on the framework, who would be responsible and how would the response be coordinated?
Homeland Security (2016) National Disaster Recovery Framework. 2nd edn. [online] available from https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/1466014998123-4bec8550930f774269e0c5968b120ba2/National_Disaster_Recovery_Framework2nd.pdf [11 May 2018]
CNN (2017) Irma: A hurricane for the history books. [online] available from https://edition.cnn.com/specials/hurricane-irma [11 May 2018]
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