Techniques for paraphrasing
Here are some techniques to use when paraphrasing.
Remember that these techniques should only be used once you have ensured you fully understood the text; do not try to paraphrase a text you have not understood.
1. Using synonyms (words that mean the same)
Here; “may” is replaced with “is likely to” and “put upward pressure on“ is replaced with “push up”.
Be careful when using synonyms. Many words have several meanings, depending on context, and you have to think about the synonym which expresses the right meaning for the particular context.
2. Changing the form of words
In the first paraphrase a verb has been replaced with a noun from the same word family. In the second an adjective has been replaced by a noun.
3. Changing the grammatical structure
Here one grammatical structure for making a comparison (“slower than”) has been replaced with another (“not as rapid as”).
4. Using several techniques
In this final example, you will notice that:
the order in which information is presented is different in the paraphrase
different word forms in the same word family have been used (effective regulation > regulated effectively)
synonyms have been used (in the absence of competition > without competition).
Note that successful paraphrasing requires the use of multiple techniques each time. It is not sufficient to simply replace the keywords with synonyms and in fact this is a common mistake among students learning to paraphrase. Changing the structure of the sentence is also important to fit the sentence into your paragraph effectively.
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