Power in the EU: the supranational thesis

Supranationalism as a form of political organization means that decisions are taken beyond the level of national governments. Theorists of supranational governance emphasise the following supranational elements of the European Union:

  1. the EU is a legal entity independent from the member state; as such, it can enter in international agreements with third parties;
  2. EU institutions make binding decisions in a number of specified policy areas, the EU budget, etc.;
  3. some EU institutions - the Commission, the Court, and the Parliament - represent the European Union as a whole (beyond being a sum of its member states); and
  4. the EU affects domestic policies and politics of its member states.
  5. Further discussion of the European Union as a supranational form of governance can be found in this article by Sweet , Stone and Sandholtz (1997).

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