Skip to 0 minutes and 15 seconds Basically nothing. I’m not very good at US history.
Skip to 0 minutes and 22 seconds I’m going to guess civil war again? No? Isn’t it– that separated into states. No? I don’t know.
Skip to 0 minutes and 36 seconds Ah, the Declaration of Independence. I know it’s very significant.
Skip to 0 minutes and 44 seconds And it granted America with what they class as freedom. Was it to do with– or was it racism? I don’t know. What was the independence? I need a hint here. I know that America declared the Declaration of Independence from England. And it was taken from us.
Skip to 1 minute and 14 seconds Yeah. I really don’t know very much about the Declaration of Independence. They were declaring independence from Great Britain, because I know they were in a war with them, but I’m not sure why.
Skip to 1 minute and 38 seconds I have no idea what that is, if I’m quite honest– universal suffrage. [BELLS RINGING] Oh, the bell’s off again. Do you know who the suffragettes were? I do not. No. No, sorry.
Skip to 1 minute and 53 seconds Suffrage is to do with the law. So universal– no, not the law, the vote. So universal suffrage would be getting the vote for everyone, isn’t it? So who were the suffragettes? They were a group of women in Britain a long time ago who sort of– well, they protested against not having the vote. Suffrage.
Skip to 2 minutes and 28 seconds Who were the suffragettes? Ah. The suffragettes were a group of women who believed in women’s rights. And they would do all sorts of crazy things to sort of be noticed by the press and by the British people. I know there was one particular story of a woman that jumped in front of a horse. I can’t remember her name, but she died because of it. So they were pretty daring women who did lots of significant stuff.
Skip to 3 minutes and 12 seconds I would say freedom fighters, but without the fighting– more of a peaceful way of going about the freedom of a race or a people or a country, in Gandhi’s case. Mandela, obviously, fought for the prevention of segregation in South Africa. And then Gandhi was really influential in removing India from the British empire. They were both peaceful in their protest. And they both are almost figureheads for peaceful protest and general rights for everybody in our society today. They were– well, they fought for peace, didn’t they? Not fought for peace– wanted peace, tried to get peace. Just peace? Equality? Peace and equality. Yeah. [INAUDIBLE] Well, Nelson Mandela was South African.
Skip to 4 minutes and 23 seconds He was in gaol for quite a long time, I think, for his views against “A” something. I’ve forgotten the word. I used to know it. And Gandhi was Indian, and he did lots of, well, peaceful protests again, by not– fasting and things like that.
Skip to 4 minutes and 50 seconds Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela are all very famous figureheads from history who both had a goal for world peace, really. Nelson Mandela fought a lot for rights for black people and against discrimination for racism. And Mahatma Gandhi was about stopping wars and about world peace. So he didn’t believe in fighting. He was a pacifist. So he didn’t want violence. That’s what I know about them. OK.
What do you know?
We were in Hereford again, asking some questions.
Here’s what we asked:
What do you know about the US Declaration of Independence?
Can you tell me anything about Universal Suffrage*?
What do Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela have in common?
Do you know the answers to these questions? Can you add anything to any of the answers given in the video? Do you have any questions about any of the language used?
Share your ideas in the comments below.
*‘Suffrage’ means the right to vote in elections. Read a dictionary definition of ‘suffrage’.
In Britain, suffragettes were women in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century who campaigned to win the right for women to vote. Here’s the wikipedia entry for ‘suffragette’
© British Council