Types of oral interactions
Teachers are constantly interacting with their students orally throughout the lesson, whether that is during whole-class, small group or individual interactions.
Below are a list of the oral interactions identified from studying teachers and students in the lesson.
|Category of Oral Interaction||Definition of Oral Interaction|
|1. Summarising||Teacher recaps previously taught material or points made.|
|2. Comment on Success Criteria||Teacher shares information about what they want students to learn or be able to do.|
|3. Discrepancy Comment||Teacher identifies errors or misunderstandings or information about how to improve.|
|4. Progress Comment||Teacher shares information about what has been done well.|
|5. Directive Teaching||Teachers describe or explain task instructions, subject content, or give the answers.|
|6. Praise or Punishment||Teacher makes a non-specific positive or negative comment.|
|7. Encouragement||Teacher persuades student to participate.|
|8. Promotion of student-directed Learning||Teacher directs students to work alone or with others.|
|9. Closed Questions||Teacher asks a question with a narrow range of possible answers.|
|10. Open Questions||Teacher asks a question with a range of possible responses and which makes students think.|
Source: Mapplebeck and Dunlop (2019).
Consider the 10 categories of oral interaction. Which THREE do you think teachers in the study engaged in the most, and why?
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