Contact FutureLearn for Support
Skip main navigation
We use cookies to give you a better experience, if that’s ok you can close this message and carry on browsing. For more info read our cookies policy.
We use cookies to give you a better experience. Carry on browsing if you're happy with this, or read our cookies policy for more information.

Glossary

This article provides a glossary of terms, acronyms and other terminology covered in the course.

You can access this step at any time in the course. If you find a term that isn’t listed here, post a comment in the discussion and we will add it to the glossary.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

ACUTE ANGLE

An angle that measures less than 90° but more than 0°.

ADIPOCEROUS MUMMY

The skin of the deceased becomes waxy and ‘soap-like’. This occurs when the body is stored in a warm, damp, alkaline environment.

ANATOMY

The scientific study of the bodily structure of living organisms.

AURICULAR SURFACE

Irregular, ‘ear-shaped’ surface of the medial aspect of the ilium.


back to top


B

BOTANIST

A scientific expert in the study of plants.

BUNION

A bony deformity at the base of the big toe.


back to top


C

CRANIOFACIAL

The part of the skull that encloses the brain (cranio-) and the bones relating to the face (-facial).


back to top


D

DENTAL ERUPTION

Process in which teeth move from being embedded in the bone of the jaw to being visible in the mouth.


back to top


E

EFIT

Electronic Facial Identification Technique.

ENTOMOLOGIST

An expert in insects.


back to top


F

FLEXION

Movement around a joint that reduces the angle between two bones.

FORENSIC

The scientific method and techniques related to investigating a crime.

FORENSIC ANATOMY

The scientific study of human remains for criminal and legal purposes.


back to top


I

ILIUM

Large bone forming the upper part of the pelvis.


back to top


L

LATERAL

Towards the outside edges of the body.


back to top


M

MEDIAL

Relating to the middle or midline of the body.

METATARSAL PHALANGEAL JOINT

Joint between the bones that make up the arch of the foot (metatarsals) and the toes (phalanges).

MORPHOLOGY

The study of the form of things.


back to top


N

NASAL BRIDGE

Upper, bony part of the nose.

NASAL APERTURE

Heart or pear shaped opening in the centre of the skull.


back to top


O

OBTUSE ANGLE

An angle more than 90° but less than 180°.

ODONTOLOGIST

A scientific expert in the structure and diseases of teeth.

ORBIT

Cavity or socket in the skull in which the eye is located.

OSTEOBIOGRAPHY

The process of identifying human remains or the biography of bones.


back to top


P

PATHOLOGIST

A scientist who examines human remains for forensic purposes.

PROGNATHISM

Having an upper or lower jaw that protrudes horizontally from the rest of the skull.

PROTUBERANCE

A rounded projection on a bone.

PUBIC SYMPHYSIS

The joint between the bones at the front of the pelvis.


back to top


S

SUPRAORBITAL RIDGE

Bony ridge or prominent region above the eye sockets on a skull.


back to top


Share this article:

This article is from the free online course:

Forensic Facial Reconstruction: Finding Mr. X

The University of Sheffield