Retail, online shopping, auction and advance fee fraud
Retail fraud comprises a number of offences that can be described as using ‘trickery’ instead of conventional stealing to obtain goods.
Methods used by retail fraud criminals:
- Going into shops with fake or copied receipts in order to try and get some kind of cash or voucher return
- Changing the labels on goods
- Gift card scams where the details of a voucher are quickly copied before the purchase can take place and are then used frequently to make online purchases
- Confusing the cashier by asking for different change or swapping banknotes
- Criminals filling up their vehicles with petrol with no means of payment but will provide false details or identity documents as security with a promise to return
Online shopping and auctions fraud
The victim communicates with the fraud criminal either through a legitimate or a fake platform/website. This usually results in one or more of the following outcomes:
- The victim pays for goods that are never received
- The victim’s financial information is compromised and used by the fraudster to commit other offences
- The victim receives goods of inferior quality to those advertised on the platform
Advance fee fraud
Advance fee fraud is when criminals target victims to make advance or upfront payments for goods, services and/or financial gains that do not materialise. There are many different types of this type of fraud such as lottery and inheritance scams.
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