Skip to 0 minutes and 5 seconds First, let’s talk about the articles. In Frisian, we have two definite articles, “de” and “it”. And one indefinite article, “in”. Notice how all three words have the same unstressed vowel sound. “De universiteit” “de bibleteek” “it hûs” “it teater” “in baan” “in broer”. First, the definite article. A singular noun is either a “de-wurd” - “De universiteit” - or an “it-wurd”. “It teater”
Skip to 0 minutes and 58 seconds Diminutives are always, “it-wurden”. “It suske.”
Skip to 1 minute and 6 seconds Plural nouns are always “de-wurden”. So it is “de universiteiten”, “de teaters” and “de suskes”, regardless of the singular form.
Skip to 1 minute and 23 seconds Now the indefinite article. The indefinite article of every singular noun is “in”. So it is “in unversiteit”, “in teater” and “in suske”. The plural has no indefinite article. “Universiteiten”, “teaters”, “suskes”.
Skip to 1 minute and 50 seconds The articles “de” and “it” have reduced forms in both speech and writing. “De” is often reduced and written as apostrophe e, “ ‘e”, when it follows a preposition of one syllable. “De bibleteek”, “yn ‘e bibleteek”,
Skip to 2 minutes and 16 seconds “Ik sil yn ‘e bibleteek studearje.” I’m going to study in the library.
Skip to 2 minutes and 25 seconds “It” is often reduced and written as apostrophe t or ‘t. “Ha jim it nei ‘t sin?” Are you enjoying yourselves? “Ik wenje yn ‘t sintrum.” I live in the city centre. “Hoe is ‘t?” How are you? Here are some examples from the dialogues. “Ik ha in ôfspraak.” I have an appointment. “Dankewol foar de kofje!”. Thank you for the coffee. “Ik hâld net fan maratons.” I don’t like marathons.
Watch and read: articles
In the next steps, you will learn the basics of Frisian grammar. In our view, grammar is a practical tool for structuring the ideas and thoughts you want to express. Grammar is not a goal in itself, but it can be a great help.
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In Frisian we have two definite articles – de and it – and one indefinite article – in. All three words have the same unstressed vowel sound [ə].
A singular noun is either a de-wurd (de universiteit) or an it-wurd (it teater).
Diminutives are always it-wurden (it suske).
Plural nouns are always de-wurden. So it is de universiteiten, de teaters and de suskes, regardless the singular form.
The indefinite article of every singular noun is in.
So it is in universiteit, in teater and in suske.
The plural has no indefinite article: universiteiten, teaters, suskes.
The articles de and it have reduced forms in both speech and writing. De is often reduced and written as ‘e when it follows a preposition of one syllable:
|de bibleteek||the library|
|yn ‘e bibleteek||in the library|
|Ik sil yn ‘e bibleteek studearje.||I’m going to study in the library.|
It is often reduced and written as ‘t:
|Ha jim it nei ‘t sin?||Are you enjoying yourselves?|
|Ik wenje yn ‘t sintrum.||I live in the city centre.|
|Hoe is ‘t?||How are you?|
Practise with Quizlet
Would you like to practise Frisian grammar? Please visit our grammar section on articles on Quizlet (you might like to open this link in a new window).
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