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Skip to 0 minutes and 5 seconds How shall we greet each other when arriving and when leaving? Now, on arriving, we have several forms. “Hoi” Hi. “Goeie” Hi / good day. “(Goeie)moarn” Good morning. “(Goeie)middei” Good afternoon. “(Goeie)jûn” Good evening Good night. “Hoi” is an informal form. “Goeie” is neutral, and could be used anytime of the day. But with the last three forms, one has to match with the time of the moment. One can choose to leave out “goeie” and just say “moarn” “middei” “jûn”. On leaving, there’s also a variation. “Do” Good bye. “It bêste” Bye. “Oant sjen” See you. “Oant moandei” See you next Monday. “Oant nije wike” See you next week. “Oant moarn” See you tomorrow. “Do” and “it bêste” are informal and used amongst friends.

Skip to 1 minute and 32 seconds All variants with “oant” can be used in both formal and informal situations. “Oant” means until, and then you can make your own variations. There are some forms that can be used on arriving

Skip to 1 minute and 48 seconds as well as on leaving: “hoi” and “goeie”, but the intonation can be different.

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Introduction to Frisian

University of Groningen

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