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Skip to 0 minutes and 7 seconds Possessive pronouns– we will examine the forms of the possessive pronoun and how to emphasise them. Here’s an overview of the possessive pronouns– “mijn”, “jouw” or “je”, “uw”, “zijn”, “haar”, “ons” or “onze”, “jullie”, “hun”. And some examples– “mijn achternaam, “jouw zus”, “uw achternaam, “zijn vrouw”, “haar man”, “onze kinderen”, “jullie kinderen”, “hun kinderen”.

Skip to 0 minutes and 51 seconds We can emphasise the possessive voice “your” and turn it into a stressed form. Without emphasis it is, “Wat is je adres?” What is your address? And with emphasis, “Wat is jouw adres?” Meaning, what is YOUR address?

Skip to 1 minute and 11 seconds The choice between “ons” and “onze”, both meaning “our,” is another one. The use depends on the gender of the noun that follows it. “Ons” is used with neuter singular nouns, so a word with the article “het.” “Onze” is used in all other cases. So, “dit is ons adres”, because “adres” is a “het” word. And, “dit is onze universiteit” because “universiteit” is a “de” word. For plural possessions, we always use “onze,” of course. Plurals are always “de” words.

Skip to 1 minute and 53 seconds Some more examples with the possessive pronouns– “mijn sport is hardlopen.” “Is dit jouw broer?” “Wat doet hij in zijn vrije tijd?” “Dat is haar baan.” “Onze docent heet Gerald.” “Wie is jullie docent?” “Hun katten zijn twee jaar.”

Watch and read: possessive pronouns

Watch the video about possesive pronouns in Dutch and read the explanation below.

Possessive pronouns

Here you see an overview of the possessive pronouns.

mijn my
jouw/je your
uw your
zijn - haar his - her
ons/onze our
jullie your
hun their

We can emphasize the possessive your and make it into a stressed form. Without emphasis it is: Wat is je adres? And with emphasis: Wat is jouw adres?, meaning, What is your address?

The use of ons and onze, both meaning our, depends on the gender of the following noun.

Ons is used for neuter singular nouns; so a word with the article het. Onze is used in all other cases:

Dit is ons adres (het adres). This is our address.
Dit is onze universiteit (de universiteit). This is our university.

The difference between de-woorden (words with the article de) and het-woorden (words with the article het) will be explained in Week 2.

Practise with Quizlet

Would you like to practise Dutch grammar? Please visit our grammar section on possessive pronouns on Quizlet (if you prefer Quizlet to open in a separate window, click the CTRL key while clicking the link).

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Introduction to Dutch

University of Groningen

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