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Skip to 0 minutes and 5 secondsFrisian nouns also have plural forms of course. The Frisian plural has different endings. For example, -en as in, "wurden", 'freonen", "dagen", but also -s as in "âlders", "oersetters".

Skip to 0 minutes and 28 secondsThe regular plural ending is -en: "bist, bisten".

Skip to 0 minutes and 35 secondsAnimals. The other common plural ending is -s, which is used in a considerable number of words. Many words with foreign origin, like "maraton, maratons".

Skip to 0 minutes and 52 secondsMarathons. Words ending in unstressed -el, -em, -en, -er and -ert. For example, "dochter, dochters".

Skip to 1 minute and 7 secondsDaughters. Words ending in -y."Hobby, hobbys".

Skip to 1 minute and 19 secondsAll diminutives. "Suske, suskes". Younger sister. Words with foreign origin ending in -a, -o or -u get an apostrophe with an s, like "foto, foto's".

Skip to 1 minute and 40 secondsIn the dialogues, you heard the word "bern". This word is irregular. The word has the same form for singular and plural. "Ien bern, twa bern".

Skip to 1 minute and 54 secondsOne child, two children. Here you see some examples from the dialogues. "Wat binne dyn hobbys?" What are your hobbies? "Ik ha twa susters." I have two sisters. "It binne hiele aardige minsken." They are very nice people. "Hoe âld binne jim bern?" How old are your children? "Ha jim ek bisten?" Do you have pets? "Ik ha twa katten." I have two cats. "Hoefolle wurden kenst no?" How many words do you know?

Watch and read: plural

Watch the video about the plural in Frisian and read the explanation below.

Plural

The Frisian plural has different endings.
For example -en as in: wurden, freonen and dagen.
But also -s as in: âlders, oersetters.

The regular plural ending is –en: bist, bisten.

Another common plural ending is -s, which is used with a considerable number of words:

  • Many words with foreign origin, like maraton, maratons.
  • Words ending in unstressed -el, -em, -en, -er, -ert. For example dochter, dochters.
  • Words ending in -y: hobby, hobbys.
  • All diminutives: suske, suskes.
  • Words ending in -a, -o or -u get an apostrophe with an -s, like foto, foto’s.

In the dialogues you heard the word bern. This word is irregular: the word has the same form for singular and plural.

ien bern one child
twa bern two children

Practise with Quizlet

Would you like to practise Frisian grammar? Please visit our grammar section on the plural on Quizlet (you might like to open this link in a new window).

Do you have any questions about Frisian grammar? Share your comments and questions in the discussion below.

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This video is from the free online course:

Introduction to Frisian

University of Groningen

Course highlights Get a taste of this course before you join:

  • Listen and repeat
    Listen and repeat
    video

    Practise your speaking skills in Frisian: watch the video, listen carefully and repeat. The phrases are from the dialogues of week 1 of this course.

  • Watch and read: the time
    Watch and read: the time
    video

    Watch and/or read about the principles of telling the time, with practical phrases, in Frisian.