Skip to 0 minutes and 5 secondsMAREE PARDY: We've come to the end of our two week open course on gender and development. And it's been pretty challenging, and hopefully, for you, it's been exciting though brief. Core to our work in this course has been to reflect on the problems that arise from a single story. And that's a single story of either gender or development. We've considered this and we've considered the uneasy relationship between development and gender. And we've examined some of the major turning points or the ongoing transformations of gender and development. First, if you remember, we considered how development was historically positioned as a project of economics, of modernization, and of economic growth.
Skip to 0 minutes and 48 secondsAnd this incorporated a whole range of approaches, each trying to address the problems created by development, or as we discovered, that were left unattended by development. But in the end, we saw this approach actually resulted in more rather than less poverty. It created new problems, such as growing inequalities, health problems, and injustice. Newer approaches tried to grapple with this problem and introduced different frameworks. And some of those frameworks we considered were basic needs--
Skip to 1 minute and 22 secondsFRANCESCA BUSSEY: Basic needs.
Skip to 1 minute and 23 secondsMAREE PARDY: -- the human development approach particularly. But to what extent, we asked, have these been successful? And this is what remains arguable.
Skip to 1 minute and 33 secondsFRANCESCA BUSSEY: So secondly, we considered the ways in which gender has been understood in terms of development. And this has gone through various changes, as well. If we remember, it was originally understood to solely be about the need to include rather than exclude women from development processes and programmes. But over time, not only did these gender approaches change from women to gender, but the complex meanings and exclusions of the term gender itself also changed.
Skip to 2 minutes and 1 secondMAREE PARDY: And now the Sustainable Development Goals, or what we call the Agenda 2030 or the 2030 Agenda, the overarching agenda of the current global development programmes and paradigm, actually pledges to engender inequity everywhere in the world by 2030. So that's the agenda that we're engaging with at the moment.
Skip to 2 minutes and 24 secondsFRANCESCA BUSSEY: So but just how this is going to happen is a focus of gender and development. And in thinking about these major points, we've considered ways in which organisations have tried to navigate these complex meanings and approaches to gender and to development, which makes working in this space really interesting. And so it was really good to look at some of these nuanced approaches to gender and development.
Skip to 2 minutes and 50 secondsMAREE PARDY: We had Caroline Moser's Gender--
Skip to 2 minutes and 52 secondsFRANCESCA BUSSEY: That's right.
Skip to 2 minutes and 52 secondsMAREE PARDY: -- Analysis Framework. And this Gender Analysis Framework, which advocates an approach that works simultaneously on a whole range of levels at the immediate, or what she calls the practical needs of women and communities, alongside their strategic needs, and those needs which require a transformation of the balance of power between men and women and between the structures that support those power relations between men and women. We have throughout the world wars, constant wars, we have famine, we have this displacement of people through climate change, through intensifying austerity, through environmental catastrophes, and through the need for environmental sustainability.
Skip to 3 minutes and 47 secondsAnd really, just how gender will be either part of this, excluded from it, or become central to it remains the challenge for us who are committed to gender justice and development.
Skip to 4 minutes and 2 secondsFRANCESCA BUSSEY: So this is the end of our brief excursion in this open course through some of these issues. And we want to thank you all for being part of it. We hope it's been really stimulating and rewarding, a really good experience for you. And if you want to follow-up on some of these issues or continue with this in an academic setting, then Deakin University invites you to join the next section of this unit, which over a further eight weeks will delve more deeply into the rich and vexed scholarship and practise of gender and development.
Skip to 4 minutes and 38 secondsMAREE PARDY: Thanks.
Summarising our learning
Reflecting on the problems of a ‘single story’ has created a rich conversation.
We have explored how the construction of a ‘single story’ affects the way we think and act regarding either gender or development and in Gender and Development.
We hope that you are now able to consider critically how gender and development are framed in contemporary society.
Articulating your thoughts, ideas and feelings is an important part of learning. As a learning community, we’ve had the benefits of sharing many viewpoints. Such rich conversations build critical thinking skills and an awareness of being a global citizen.
Reflect back on the conversation we’ve had together. We would love to hear how it has affected your understanding of gender and development.
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