Skip to 0 minutes and 7 secondsMany if not most new developments in global governance combine legally enforceable instrument with voluntary measures, such as standards or code of conducts. One of the most intriguing question in this context is about ways and forms of blending those different instruments. Are they typical, classical ways to blend, or on the contrary, is blending a new frontier for governance? To make an analogy with wine making, are we in the world of Bordeaux wines, relying on the classical and long established blend of Cabernet and Merlot? Or are we in a more permissive situation with room for surprising combination, like this wine from Australia with a blend of Cabernet, Merlot, Shiraz, and Malbec?

Skip to 1 minute and 3 secondsOne can argue that it all depends on the given context-- the nature of the soil, on the weather condition in particular for winemaking -- or instead, that the talent of the governance makers is key. In the end, as for wines, the only way to answer the question of whether blending is successful or not is to test it.

Skip to 1 minute and 28 secondsAnalogies have their limit of course. An unfortunate choice of blend for wine simply means that you will not empty your glass and regret the money invested into it. For global governance, the consequences of an unfortunate choice of blending may have more negative effect, as it may lead to large and intertwined problems. One may see some of those dynamics in the twenty years preceding the global financial crisis. The art of blending in global governance is therefore clearly not simply art for art.

Blending global governance instruments

Week 4 focuses on the variety of governance processes and instruments (in particular institutions) developed across different domains of activity.

You will discuss the design of strategies for global governance and connect problems with specific governance mechanisms. As you will discover, blending does not (always) make a good wine. This week, we will make sense of fragmentation and integration as well as debate the search for efficiency of organisations.

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This video is from the free online course:

International Affairs: Global Governance

The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies